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BUILDING CONDITION ASSESSMENT (A CASE STUDY OF NIIT ZARIA)

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BUILDING CONDITION ASSESSMENT (A CASE STUDY OF NIIT ZARIA)

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1 Background of the study

Infrastructural      development  with well planned

maintenance   is   one   of   major   characteristics   of   a

developed  nation.  That  is  why  in  many  developed

nations   there   is   a   huge   presence  of  several   well

maintained   infrastructures   like   sky   scrapers,   tall

buildings etc.  Infrastructural      development  and

maintenance plays a great role in the socio-economic

growth of a nation. Many developed nations invest on

infrastructure and depend on it as a source of revenue

for  their  economy.  Hence  they  take  maintenance  of

these  infrastructures  seriously.  Countries  like  Dubai use infrastructure to attract tourists to their nation and this  in  turn  yield  revenue  for  the  country  [1].  The United Kingdom, Canada, United States of America, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Germany, France, Japan, China, Hong Kong have many developed educational institutions with adequate infrastructure which is one of the reasons why many Nigerians troop into these countries, spend a lot of money to acquire education [1]. This in turn generates huge revenue for these countries. However routine infrastructural maintenance has been an Achilles in many Nigerian public institutions due to poor funding, misuse of facility by occupants, bribery and corruption etc. [2]. Construction projects in Nigeria are worth billions of Naira. It is  of great importance that construction management  practices  is  given  great

otherwise, it will negatively affect the management of the infrastructure. Public buildings are allowed to dilapidate to unusable levels before maintenance plans are made to preserve its economic value and durability. Sometimes such buildings are left without any form of maintenance for a long time and these leads to total overhaul and reconstruction of the previously constructed project, resulting in a serious economic waste [1]. According to [5], many institutions carry out infrastructure development through PPP but measurable indicators to success or otherwise do not exist. Maintenance can be defined as every action taken to preserve an infrastructure in its original state so that it will retain its economic value and durability [1]. According to [3], there are two types of maintenance, the planned and unplanned maintenance.

Planned      Maintenance      consists      of      preventive

maintenance,      corrective/emergence      maintenance.

Under  preventive  maintenance  we  have  scheduled

maintenance and conditioned maintenance. However,

unplanned              maintenance              consists              of

corrective/emergence    maintenance.

In    this    research    work,    public    buildings    to    be

investigated    are    the    staff    residential    buildings,

student’s   hostels,   classrooms   and   offices   in   the

NIIT Zaria.

1.2  Statement of Problem

Erecting      infrastructure      without      a      functional

maintenance plan or policy for it poses a great danger

for the occupant and leads to serious economic loss.

According   to   previous   studies   on   infrastructural

maintenance, many infrastructural  facilities in public

institutions in Nigeria are inadequately maintained. The

few  that  are  maintained  are  allowed  to  dilapidate

completely without any sustainable maintenance plan.

Consequent upon this, many infrastructures in public

institutions are fast losing their economic value and at

the  same  time  putting  the  life  of  the  occupants  in

danger. In NIIT Zaria , there seems

that infrastructural maintenance plan is not in place,

also the existing public infrastructural buildings have

been dilapidating at a rather fast rate. Such that if no

infrastructural    maintenance    scheme    or    plan    is

developed and implemented the University will soon

suffer a huge disastrous infrastructural damage. This

research therefore will access the dilapidation of these

infrastructural  facilities.  It  is  hoped  that  from  this

study, an infrastructural building maintenance plan will

be developed.

 

1.3 Objectives of the Study:

  1. The aim  of  this  research  is  to  investigate  the

current   state   of   public   buildings   within   the

NIIT Zaria.

The specific aims:

  1. To assess  the  current  maintenance  practices  in

Nigeria.

iii.   To develop a framework for building maintenance

in Nigeria.

  1. To make intelligent suggestions, contributions and

recommendations towards  the  adoption of

effective   maintenance   framework   that   would

address  the  building  maintenance  problems  in

NIIT Zaria.

  1. To generate  reserved  data/  records  for  future

maintenance investigations.

 

1.4  Justification of the Study

This research will contribute to knowledge and theory

of sustainable maintenance of infrastructure. It will also

investigate factors that negatively affect maintenance of

public buildings and proffer solutions to the problems.

This  research  will  also  assist  authorities  of  public

institutions in Nigeria to know the current state of their

structures and dangers of using deteriorated and badly

damaged facilities.

The importance of maintaining good health and safety

in relation to good building maintenance practices will

also be captured in this research work.

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