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CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCIES OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS

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CAUSES AND CONSEQUENCIES OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

1.0      INTRODUCTION

Accident is a situation in which someone is injured or something is damaged without anyone intending them to be. Accident may come in any form at any time and place. They occur to any person and even animals irrespective of its size, age, sex or status. One feature about accidents in particular road accidents, is that it often leads to economic loss, permanent disfigure and untimely death.

Road accident is a frequent occurrence in Nigeria and in ImoState. The rate of road accident on our major highways is believed to be on the increase and the result has always been unpleasant.

Road accident has been the major concern of successive government in this country because it involves loss of live and properties. Reckless and careless drivers as well as corrupt traffic policemen who allow these drivers to fly our roads sometimes with worn-oni types have converted our public highways into slaughter zone because of inordinate has for money and material wealth as well as corruption and bibery.

Some of these road accidents can be: (a) PATAL (b) GHASTLY (c) MAJOR (d) MINOR

  • PATAL ACCIDENT: This type of accident may result in someone’s death.
  • GHASTLY ACCIDENT: This kind of accident makes the victim to be very frightened, upset or shocked. In this type of accident injury can be sustained.
  • MAJOR ACCIDENT: This is the form of accident that may have very serious or worrying result. It may be loss of lives through injury.
  • MINOR ACCIDENT: This form of accident is small and not serious especially when compared with other forms of accident. Scrape of car paint or a slight damage to the car can be classified as minor accidents.

These road accidents were attributed to the following, causes, bad roads and bridges. In the previous years, road accidents were attributed to bad road and bridges, but today successive government have brought improvement on our roads by building expressways and good bridges. The question now is why are there still so many road accidents?. The newly built roads are in state of disrepair. There are bumps on some of these new roads, some of which are not maintained. The natures of vehicle contribute a lot to road accidents. Some vehicles have family brakes and worn out tyre.

Moreover, excessive speed and negligence of drivers are causes of accidents which should not be forgotten. Improperly overtaking or cutting in causing road accident. Overloading can as well cause accident. Animals not under control can cause accident on our highways. Intoxication, children and adult crossing carelessly can equally cause road accident on our highway. Many families are daily thrown into sudden mourning because they have lost relatives on highways. Effective measures need to be taken to ensure that merely traveling on Nigerian roads is not an almost certain preparation for the graveyard.

The governments at the federal and state levels have on several occasions’ laundered road safety campaign and the police have been in significant change in the rate of road accidents. This cannot be left alone for Institutes; administrative bodies should join hands towards solving this problem of road accident.

Thus, this work is concerned with the statistical analysis of the reported cases of road accidents aimed at identifying the factors influencing road accidents in Nigeria, which may help in finding lasting solution.

  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The road accident problem has assumed such proportion in recent years that our highways have virtually turned into slaughter zones. Many illustrious sons and daughter of this state have been untimely snatched away through ghastly motor accidents.

In very many cases especially in the few cities of the state, cars are destroyed, electric poles are damaged and as a result electric cables are broken. At some places along the road, structures are damaged when vehicles accidentally run into them and of course people lose their lives.

It is in view of those during tragedies that careful studies of road accidents need to be made for the state in order to help make useful recommendation of ways of at least reducing the road accidents.

  • AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

The aims and objectives of this study are as follows:

  • To identify the categories of vehicles which cause the accidents in Imo state.
  • To identify the major causes of wad accidents in Imo state.
  • To determine the trend of road accidents.
  • To determine the number of deaths that result per month due to road accidents.
    • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

Human faults contribute a lot to the incessant road accidents. These faults avoided by the parties concerned, the government and individuals could help quench of accidents on our roads.

This study therefore will go a long way to help in following ways:

  • To determine if the trend is increasing or decreasing
  • To know the major causes of road accidents.
  • To know the actual number of death per month in the state.
  • To identify the type of vehicle that causes the greatest accidents in the state.
    • SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This is a study for a period of ten years (1993-2003) and it covers all the major roads in Imo state. The data for this project was collected from federal road safety commission (FRSC) Awka with the research officer FRSC Awka.

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