BEFORE YOU READ THE CHAPTER ONE/ABSTRACT OF THE PROJECT TOPIC BELOW, PLEASE READ THE INFORMATION BELOW.THANK YOU!
YOU CAN GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT OF THE TOPIC BELOW. THE FULL PROJECT COSTS N10,000 ONLY.
THE FULL INFORMATION ON HOW TO PAY AND GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT IS AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE. OR YOU CAN CALL: 08137701720
CIVIL – MILITARY RELATIONS AND NATIONAL SECURITY: CHALLENGES FOR THE NIGERIAN ARMED FORCES
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title page- – – – – – – – – – – i
Certification page- – – – – – – – – ii
Dedication- – – – – – – – – – – iii
Acknowledgement – – – – – – – – iv
Table of contents v – – – – – – – – – – viii
List of Tables – – – – – – – – – ix
List of Figures – – – – – – – – – x
List of Abbreviations – – – – – – – – xi
Glossary of Terms – – – – – – – – xii
Abstract – – — – – – – – – – xiii
1.0 Background – – – – – – – – 1
1.2 Research Questions – – – – – – – 2
1.3 Objectives of the Study – – – – – – 2
1.4 Research Hypothesis – – – – – – 3
1.5 Significance of the Study- – – – – – – 3
1.6 Scope of the Study- – – – – – – – 3
1.7 Limitations – – – – – – – – 4
1.8 Method of Data Collection and Analysis- – – – – 4
1.9 Conceptual Clarification- – – – – – – 5
2.0 Literature Review – – – – – – – 7
2.1 Concept of Civil – Military Relations – – – –
2.2 Concept of National Security – – – – – – 14
2.3 The Armed forces in Internal Security Operations – 15
2.4 Relevance of Internal Security Operations- – – – 20
2.5 Concept of Civil Affairs – – – – – – – 23
2.6 Roles of the Military- – – – – – – – 24
2.7 Theoretical Framework – – – – – – 27
3.0 Research Methodology – – – – – – 29
3.1 Research Design- – – – – – – – – 29
3.2 Area of study – – – – – – – – 30
3.3 Instrument of Data Collection – – – – – 30
3.4 Validations and Reliability of Instruments – – – 31
3.5 Weakness of the Methodology – – – – – 32
3.7 Summary – – – — – – – – – 32
4.0 Data Presentation and Analysis – – – – – 38
4.1 Respondents profile – – – – – – – 38
4.2 Presentation and Analysis of Data – – – – – 42
4.3 Knowledge of the extent of Civil-Military Relations in
Armed Forces – – – – – – – – 43
4.5 Knowledge of the principles of internal Security operation – 48
4.6 Knowledge and participation in internal Security Operations
by Armed Forces Personnel – – – – – – 51
4.7 Test of hypothesis – – – – – – – 56
5.0 Summary/Conclusion and Recommendations – – – 57
5.1 Summary/Conclusion – – – – – – – 57
5.2 Recommendations – – – – – – – 59
Bibliography- – – – – – – – – 61
Appendices- – – – – – – – – 63
LIST OF TABLES
|Serial||Title of Table||Page No|
|1.||Table 1: Distribution of Respondents by Rank||39|
|2.||Table 2: Distribution of Respondents by Length of Service||41|
|3.||Table 3: The Current State of Civil-Military Relations in the Armed Forces is Satisfactory||43|
|4.||Table 4: Response to Armed Forces Personnel Having a good understanding of the Concept of Civil-Military Relations||45|
|5.||Table 5: The Relationship Between Armed Forces Personnel and Civilians||46|
|6.||Table 6: Armed Forces Participation in Internal Security Operation is a Welcome Idea||48|
|7.||Table 7: Responses on Enhanced Civil-Military Relations Due to Participation in Internal Security Operation||50|
|8.||Table 8: Responses to and Understanding of the Concept of IS Operation by Armed Forces Personnel||52|
|9.||Table 9: Armed Forces Personnel’s Responses to Participation in Internal Security Operations||53|
|10.||Table 10: Participation on how Internal Security Operations has helped the Nation||52|
|11.||Table 11: Contingency Table||56|
LIST OF FIGURES
|Serial||Title of Figure||Page No|
|1.||Figure 1: Pie Chart Showing Distribution of Respondents by Rank Category||40|
|2.||Figure 2: Pie Chart Showing Distribution of Respondents by Length of service in the Armed Forces of Nigeria||42|
|3.||Figure 3: Bar chart showing the Current State of Civil-Military Relations in the Armed Forces is Satisfactory||44|
|4.||Figure 4: Bar chart showing Response to Armed Forces Personnel having a good Understanding of the Concept of Civil-Military Relations||45|
|5.||Figure 5: Bar Chart showing the Relationship Between Armed Forces Personnel and Civilians||47|
|6.||Figure 6: Bar Chart showing Armed Forces Participation in IS Operation is a Welcome Idea||49|
|7.||Figure 7: Bar Chart Showing Responses on Enhanced Civil Military Relations Due to Participation in IS Operation||50|
|8.||Figure 8: Bar chart showing Responses of an Understanding of the Concept of IS Operation by Armed Forces Personnel||52|
|9.||Figure 9: Bar Chart showing Armed Forces Personnel’s Responses to Participation in IS Operations||54|
|10.||Figure 10: Bar chart showing Participation in IS Operations has helped the Nation||55|
LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS
GLOSSARY OF TERMS
This study examines the CMR in Nigeria and its implications on National Security. There have been various schools of thought worldwide on what constitutes CMR. Various postulations became necessary as the subject helps build cordial relationship between military and civilians toward achieving nations’ security collaborations and attainments. The term found it relevance since the end of Second World War. The paradigm shift from Attritionists’ Concepts Warfare to Manouvriest Approach to Warfare has further re-enforced this divergent views and arose intellectual research. The NATO came up with CIMIC which mean the same thing with CMR while, US and UN on the other hand, came up with Civil Affairs. The former seek to address civil-military synergy towards cordial relations through military aids to civil authority (MACA) in challenging situations and civilians on their own part, cooperates with military in making their task easy and achievable. Civil Affairs’ concept is based on military using civilians for the purposes other than providence, but as tools for commanders to achieve their campaign end-states. Nigeria chose to adopt CIMIC. The unhealthy Internal Security situations and challenges in Nigeria may have informed this decision. United States National Intelligence Council Report of 25 May 2005 which predicted that Nigeria will become a failed state by 2015 also necessitated adoption of multifaceted approaches. Hence, the adoption of CIMIC came handy as one of the palliative measures toward solving ethno/religious insurgences and agitations which have taken a front burner in Nigeria society. The methodology used, allow the description of key concepts, past events relating to ethnic pressure groups, ethnic militias etc on National Security. At the same time allow the analysis of data collated regarding the research variables. Primary data were collected from respondents throughout the country. These were supported by secondary data from journals, newspapers, books and electronic sources. Government has made efforts to curtail the unwholesome activities of ethnic pressure groups. Some of the measures include the establishment of the OMPADEC, NDDC and others. The convocation of the NPRC was also an attempt to solve the problem of ethnic crisis. Despite these efforts, the negative activities of ethnic pressure groups persist unabated. Consequently, recommendations made include adequate training for personnel of Armed Forces in CMR in order to use it as a platform to curtail activities of ethnic pressure groups and reduce their influence on National Security situations. The research revealed that there is a direct relationship between CMR and Nigeria National Security situation. Hence, the need to adopt CMR in totality in Nigeria Armed Forces. Lastly, the DHQ should implement the recommendations made in this research effort.
The complexities associated with modern battlefields have influenced the crafting of strategy towards employment of technological products for reasons of lethality and operational fluidity. Also, humanitarian considerations have become essential, leading to the adoption of the Manoeuvrist Approach to Warfare (MAW) in place of the Attritionists’ Approach to Warfare that demonized the profession through the last centuries. Without prejudice to humanitarian concerns associated with the MAW, in populated areas remain pronounced, thereby necessitating military engagement in relieving affected civilian populations.
The importance of good relation between the military and civil populace cannot be over-emphasised (NATO Civil-Military Co-operation, 2001:1-1). A number of internal security operations that the Nigerian Armed Forces is currently conducting in the Niger Delta and other parts of the country calls for a co-ordinated approach to the integration of the civilian dimension into operational plans. This is to avoid misinterpretation, misrepresentation of the intentions and actions of the military. This is important to ensure that internal security (IS) operations do not undermine National Security. It is in this light that this study seeks to answer the following questions:
iii. Could CMR be partly panacea to attainment of National Security?
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
iii. To establish that CMR if accorded its deserved priority could be the solution to many National Security challenges.
There is a conventional notion that a country is most secured when its security apparatus are potent. This has resulted into nation states placing much premium on the concept of national security often at the detriment of the citizens. This study therefore, seeks to establish the imperatives of mutual relationship between military and the civil populace towards solving Nigeria’s Security challenges.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study would contribute towards enhancing alternative ways of handling security challenges in Nigeria. Its findings would assist the Nigerian State in formulating policies that would entrench great bond between the military and civilians in attempt to efficiently handle the nation’s security challenges.
The concept of national security has permeated in global discourse since the end of Cold War while CMR is a concept that is just coming on board in Nigeria. In the course of this study, the period spanning from 1999 till date shall be covered and only relevant literatures on this concept will be referred to.
This research work is impaired by some limitations. The key limitations were of secondary data to analyse the concept of CMR and national security of other developed nations. Although, the data used were from reputable international sources, the authenticity of their findings might not be insulated from bias. The concepts of CMR and national security challenges are intangible. Hence, the empirical testing of both concepts was relatively impossible. However, this did not affect the quality of research carried out and the outcomes of the findings.
1.8 METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS
The data used in this study were largely collected from secondary sources. This include data on some selected countries concepts of CMR irrespective of the names it is called. Additionally, data were obtained from research of relevant literatures and publications. These formed the basis for the comparison of the variables. Furthermore, it aided the study in assessment of the performance of Nigeria in human security when compared to selected countries. This study employed both descriptive and inferential statistics for the analysis of data.
The descriptive statistical tools that were used were tally method, frequency table, percentages, pie charts and bar charts. The tally method was used to allocate tally marks to responses to each answer options. These were then summed up and frequency tables were drawn for each relevant question indicating the available options and the respective frequency of response. The percentage technique was also used to analyze the figures obtained from the frequency tables and pie charts as well bar charts were used to provide a vivid representation of the outcome.
1.9 CONCEPTUAL CLARIFICATION
There have been various schools of thought worldwide on what constitutes CMR. Various postulations became necessary as the subject helps build cordial relationship between military and civilians toward achieving nations’ security collaborations and attainments. CMR found its relevance in Nigeria considering the unhealthy unprecedented security challenges facing the country. It further found its relevance as a palliative measure toward solving ethno/religious insurgences and agitations which have taken a front burner in Nigeria society. It is evident that there is a direct relationship between CMR and Nigeria National Security situation. Hence, the need to adopt CMR in totality in Nigeria.
HOW TO GET THE FULL PROJECT WORK
PLEASE, print the following instructions and information if you will like to order/buy our complete written material(s).
HOW TO RECEIVE PROJECT MATERIAL(S)
After paying the appropriate amount (#10,000) into our bank Account below, send the following information to 08137701720
(1) Your project topics
(2) Email Address
(3) Payment Name
(4) Teller Number
We will send your material(s) after we receive bank alert
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 0046579864
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 2023350498
YOU CAN ALSO MAKE A TRANSFER PAYMENT
FOR MORE INFORMATION, CALL: