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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PORT PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIA AND MALAYSIA

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PORT PERFORMANCE IN NIGERIA AND MALAYSIA

                     

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 

  • Background of the study

Companies such as port authorities and port terminal operators use different performance management techniques to obtain insight into the quality, cost-effectiveness and profitability of their operations. Performance carries an efficiency component as to how well the resources expended are used and, in this respect, ports and terminals transform inputs in a process into outputs (Tongzon, 2009; Wiegmans and Dekker, 2016). In the literature, deep-sea container port and container terminal performance in terms of efficiency have been studied extensively. Cullinane and Wang (2007) implemented panel data approaches in order to be able to implement medium- and long-term efficiency analysis. They found that efficiency levels of container ports vary (sometimes drastically) over time. This means that port and terminal performance results of non-panel data have to be treated with care. Roll and Hayuth (1993) analyzed a data set of 20 ports on port performance by applying data envelopment analysis. In their conclusions, they focused on the relative rankings of the ports toward each other. Turner et al. (2004) found that scale economies exist at the container terminal level in container ports. A more recent finding is from Schøyen and Odeck (2013). In their analysis of Norwegian container ports, they find that the ports need to increase their scale due to the container port operations performing under increasing returns to scale. Zhang et al. (2018) developed a model to analyze port competition for the integrated intermodal network design and pricing strategy problem. Their main conclusion links dry port locations clearly with geography.

Bichou and Gray (2004) developed a logistics and supply chain management approach to port performance measurement. The framework they developed can be beneficial for port efficiency by focusing port strategies on activities that generate the most added value in logistics and supply chains. Ha and Yang (2017) introduced a hybrid multi-stakeholder framework for the modeling of port performance indicators. The framework offers a diagnostic instrument for performance evaluation of terminals and ports. Although they take into account the different port stakeholders to measure port performance, the stakeholders do not include different types of users and the weighting of these indicators is not obtained from stakeholders, but from subject matter experts. The paper especially builds on the direction given by the last three papers, by incorporating the different user-stakeholders throughout the transport chain and by also incorporating the different weights they attribute to port performance factors.

 

  • Statement of the problem

There may have been previous researches in this subject. This work gives further explanations and analysis in comparative analysis of port performance in nigeria and Malaysia.

 

  • Objectives of the study
  1. To understand the impact of operational efficiency on port performance in Nigeria and malaysia
  2. To understand the relationship between operational efficiency and port performance in Nigeria and malaysia

 

  • Research questions
  1. What isthe impact of operational efficiency on port performance in Nigeria and malaysia
  • What is the relationship between operational efficiency and port performance in Nigeria and malaysia

 

  • Research hypothesis

H0: There is no relationship between operational efficiency and port performance in Nigeria and malaysia

H1: There is a relationship between operational efficiency and port performance in Nigeria and malaysia

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