Show all

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF BOREHOLE WATER AND SACHET WATER

10,000

ATTENTION:

BEFORE YOU READ THE CHAPTER ONE OF THE PROJECT TOPIC BELOW, PLEASE READ THE INFORMATION BELOW.THANK YOU!

 

INFORMATION:

YOU CAN GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT OF THE TOPIC BELOW. THE FULL PROJECT COSTS N10,000 ONLY. THE FULL INFORMATION ON HOW TO PAY AND GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT IS AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE. OR YOU CAN CALL: 08068231953, 08168759420

 

 

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF PHYSICOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF BOREHOLE WATER AND SACHET WATER

 

ABSTRACT

Three types of sachet water samples and three types of borehole water samples all from Owerri Municipal, Imo State were collected and analyzed for physicochemical parameters. A total of twenty (21) parameters including Odour, Colour, pH, Conductivity, Acidity, Alkalinity, Total Solids, Dissolved Solids, Suspended Solids, Dissolved Oxygen (D.O), Chemical Oxygen Demand (C.O.D), Calcium, Copper, Iron, Manganese, Lead, Chloride, Nitrate, Zinc, Magnesium and sulphate were analyzed. The W.H.O recommended standards shows that all the samples are odourless and colourless. Borehole water is 7.1 in pH, while sachet water has a lower value of 6.5. Acidity in sachet water has a mean value of 50mg/l while borehole water has 54mg/l. Total solids of borehole water is higher with a mean value of 15.6mg/l, while sachet water has 5.7mg/l. Alkalinity is higher in borehole water with a mean value of 165, while sachet water has a lower value of 113. Dissolved oxygen in borehole water has a higher value of 1.19mg/l than sachet water with a value of 0.83mg/l.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page ………………………………………………………………………………….i

Certification page………………………………………………………………………..ii

Dedication………………………………………………………………………………..iii

Acknowledgement………………………………………………………………………iv

Table of content…………………………………………………………………………vi

Abstract……………………………………………………………………………………x

CHAPTER ONE:

1.0        Introduction……………………………………………………………………….1

1.1    Sources of Water ………………………………………………………………..3

1.2    Importance of Water……………………………………………………………6

1.3    Water Pollution………………………………………………………………….10

1.4    Water Quality ………………………………………………………………………….13

1.5    Portable water ………………………………………………………………………15

1.6    Objective of the work ………………………………………………………..……17

1.7    Sampling………………………………………………………………………….……18

CHAPTER TWO:

Literature review ………………………………………………………..19

CHAPTER THREE

MATERIALS AND METHOD

3.1            Sample Locations…………………………………………..…………………31

3.2            Method of Analysis……………………………………………………………34

3.3            Physical Analysis………………………………………..………..…………..35

3.3.1         Determination of Colour……………………………..………….…………35

3.3.2         Odour…………………………………………………………………………….35

3.3.3         Electrical Conductivity.…………………………………………………….35

3.3.4         Determination of PH Value…………………………………………….…36

3.4            Chemical Analysis……………………………………………………..…….36

3.4.1         Determination of Total Solid…………………………………………..…36

3.4.2         Determination of Dissolved Solid ………………………………………37

3.4.3         Determination of Suspended Solid (S.S)…………………………….37

3.4.4         Determination of Acidity………………………………………….………37

3.4.5         Determination of Alkalinity………………………………….…………….38

3.4.6         Determination of C.O.D…………………………………..……….……….38

3.4.7         Determination of Dissolved Oxygen…………………………..…….…39

3.4.8         Determination of Calcium ………………………………………..…….…39

3.4.9         Determination of Magnesium……………………………….…..……….40

3.4.10       Determination of Chloride…………………………………….…..………40

3.4.11       Determination of Iron…………………………………………………….…40

3.4.12       Determination of Zinc ………………………………………………………41

3.4.13       Determination of Lead………………………………………………………41

3.4.14       Determination of  Manganese………………………………….…….….42

3.4.15       Determination of copper ………………………………………………….42

3.4.16       Determination of Nitrate………………………………………………….42

3.4.17       Determination of Phosphate..………………………………………..…43

CHAPTER FOUR

RESULTS, DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION

4.0           Analytical Results …………………………………………….………………44

4.1            Tables……………………………………………..………………………………44

4.2            Discussions…………………………………………………………………..…49

4.3            Conclusions………………………………………………………….…………54

References………………………………………………………………………55

Appendix One………………………………………………………………….60

Appendix Two……………………………………………………….…………64

HOW TO GET THE FULL PROJECT WORK

 

PLEASE, print the following instructions and information if you will like to order/buy our complete written material(s).

 

HOW TO RECEIVE PROJECT MATERIAL(S)

After paying the appropriate amount (#10,000) into our bank Account below, send the following information to

08068231953 or 08168759420

 

(1)    Your project topics

(2)     Email Address

(3)     Payment Name

(4)    Teller Number

We will send your material(s) after we receive bank alert

 

BANK ACCOUNTS

Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI

Account Number: 0046579864

Bank: GTBank.

 

OR

Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI

Account Number: 2023350498

Bank: UBA.

 

 

 

FOR MORE INFORMATION, CALL:

08068231953 or 08168759420

 

 

AFFILIATE LINKS:

www.myeasyproject.com.ng

www.easyprojectmaterials.com

www.easyprojectmaterials.net.ng

www.easyprojectsmaterials.net.ng

www.easyprojectsmaterial.net.ng

www.easyprojectmaterial.net.ng

www.projectmaterials.com.ng

www.googleprojectsng.blogspot.com

www.myprojectsng.blogspot.com.ng

www.projectmaterialsng.blogspot.com.ng

 www.foreasyprojectmaterials.blogspot.com.ng\

www.mypostumes.blogspot.com.ng

www.myeasymaterials.blogspot.com.ng

www.eazyprojectsmaterial.blogspot.com.ng

www.easzprojectmaterial.blogspot.com.ng

www.easyprojectmaterials.com.ng