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FAMILY BACKGROUND, SCHOOL LOCATION AND PEER GROUP AS PREDICTORS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

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FAMILY BACKGROUND, SCHOOL LOCATION AND PEER GROUP AS PREDICTORS OF JUVENILE DELINQUENCY AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS

 

ABSTRACT

This work discusses family background, school location and peer group as predictors of juvenile delinquency among secondary school students

 .A hundred and twenty questionnaires were distributed among students and teachers from selected secondary schools in Nigeria. Interviews and surveys were also conducted.

 

Primary and secondary data will be used in the analysis. Tables and percentages will also be used as the instrument of analysis

 

It will be observed therefore that family background, school location and peer group all have a strong and significant impact as predictors of juvenile delinquency among secondary school students.

 

TABLE OF CONTENT:

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

1.2     Statement of the Research Problem

1.3     Objectives of the Study

1.4     Significance of the Study

1.5     Research Questions

1.6     Research Hypothesis

1.7     Conceptual and Operational Definition

1.8     Assumptions

1.9     Limitations of the Study

 

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1     Sources of Literature

2.2     The Review

2.3     Summary of Literature Review

 

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1     Research Method

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Research Sample

3.4     Measuring Instrument

3.5     Data Collection

3.6     Data Analysis

3.7     Expected Result

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS

4.1     Data Analysis

4.2     Results

4.3     Discussion

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendations for Further Study

Bibliography

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 

Background of the study

Socio-criminologists overtime have been engaged in analyzing juvenile delinquency as a concept, as well as establishing causal factors with the aim of prescribing effective measures of control.  An overview of juvenile delinquency in Nigeria points towards several casual factors such as the family background, school environment, peer group influence, home location and even the negative messages derived from the mass media.

Studies have revealed that family is a major predictor of delinquency (Breivik, Olweus, Endersen, 2009; Mandara and Murray, 2006).  According to Simons, Simons and Wallace (2004) children in single-parent homes are more likely to be delinquent. there is evidence to suggest that single-parent families, especially single-mothers, expect less of their children, spend less time monitoring them and use less effective techniques to discipline them. This means that children have greater opportunities and motivation to participate in delinquent acts than do those living in a two-parent family. Hence, the absence of one parent is a major predictor for juvenile delinquency (Mack et al., 2006).

 

Also, the idea that many schools are delinquency-producing agencies is fundamentally based on two types of accusations:(1) the school’s failure as a socialization agency- this refers to the school’s inability to inculcate upon students the necessary social skills that enable them to interact especially with peers and adults and (2) failure in academic subject may produce a situation in which students are frustrated and they (pupils) may turn into delinquent conduct.

 

The peer group may be viewed as an informal network of individuals of approximately the same age. Peers are thus individuals with whom a youth shares common problems and experiences. The peer group is a convenient structure which is suitable for needs of emotionally disturbed children who are unable to meet the demands required for participation in normal groups. The peer group is a crime predisposing factor as it creates opportunities outside family situation for children to commit crime.

 

1.2 Statement of the problem

There have been challenges of defining the relationship between the family background of a student, school location,and also how peer group contributes to affecting the general academic performance of students in secondary schools. The is work gives more explanations, and analysis in this subject

1.3 Objectives of the study

  1. To understand the impact of family background on juvenile delinquency
  2. To know the level of importance of school location as a predicting factor on students’ academic performance
  3. To understand the effect of peer group on juvenile delinquency
  4. To identify solutions and recommend ameliorable ways to solving the problems

 

1.4 Research questions

  1. What is the impact of family background on juvenile delinquency
  2. What is the level of importance of school location as a predicting factor on students’ academic performance
  3. What is the effect of peer group on juvenile delinquency

 

1.5 Research hypothesis

H01: Family background does not have a significant impact on juvenile delinquency

H1: Family background have a significant impact on juvenile delinquency

H02: School location does not have a significant impact as a predicting factor on students’ academic performance

H02: School location does have a significant impact as a predicting factor on students’ academic performance

H03: Peer group does not have a significant effect on juvenile delinquency

H3: Peer group does have a significant effect on juvenile delinquency

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