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PROBLEM OF PERSONAL INCOME TAX COLLECTION IN ANAMBRA STATE (A CASE STUDY OF AWKA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE)

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PROBLEM OF PERSONAL INCOME TAX COLLECTION IN ANAMBRA STATE (A CASE STUDY OF AWKA SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ANAMBRA STATE)

 

PROPOSAL

 

This study examined the factors militating against tax collection in Anambra state that lead to the fall of revenue in the state. This study also highlights the problems encountered by the staff of Board of internal Revenue – ie the organ entrusted by the government for collection of various taxes in the state.

 

The sampling technique used for the research were simple data collection and analysis to locate the trend or behaviour of the trend or behavious of the data. Also employed were statistical tools for testing the hypothesis and chi square.

 

In employing the chi-square techniques, the hypothesis to be tested will be stated as a null hypothesis and an alternative hypothesis. The instrument to research for the information oral interviews and questionnaires method and the data collected were carefully analyzed using the chi-sqaure.

 

Some people from various works of life in Anambra state were selected for study. The researcher observed that factors militating against tax collection are. Lack of motivation of staff of Board of Internal Revenue, Inadequate provision of logistics, and finally Non-aggressive advertisement on the importance of tax through various media which will create base of the state. Conclusions and recommendation were made in the line with the findings.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

TITLE PAGE

 

APPROVAL PAGE

 

DEDICATION

 

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

 

ABSTRACT

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

 

LIST OF TABLES

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

1.0      INTRODUCTION

 

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

 

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

 

1.3     OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

 

1.4     RESEARCH QUESTIONS

 

1.5     RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

 

1.6     SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS

 

1.7     DEFINITION OF TERMS

 

REFERENCE

 

CHAPTER TWO

 

LITERATURE OF REVIEW

 

2.0     DEVELOPMENT OF INCOME

 

2.1     TAX IN NIGEIRA

 

2.2     OBJECTIVES OF INCOME TAXATION

 

2.3     QUALITIES OF A SYSTEM OF GOOD TAXATION

 

2.4            ADMINISTRATION OF INCOME

 

2.4.1    TAX IN ANAMBRA STATE

 

2.4.2    ASSESSMENT AUTHORITY

 

2.4.3    TAX COLLECTION

 

2.4.4    TAX COLLECTION AGENTS

 

2.4.5    SECRECY

 

2.5            PROBLEM OF INCOME TAX

 

2.6            ADMINISTRATION AND COLLECTION MACHINERY

 

REFERENCES

 

CHAPTER THREE

 

3.0     RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY\

 

3.1     RESEARCH DSIGNI

 

3.2     POPULATION SIZE

 

3.3     SAMPLE SIZE DETERMINATION

 

3.4     TYPES OF DATA

 

3.5     SOURCES OF DATA

 

3.6     DATA LOCATION

 

3.7     METHOD OF DATA PRESENTATION

 

3.8     METHODS OF DATA ANALYSIS

 

REFERENCES

 

CHAPTER FOUR

 

4.0            DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

 

4.1     DATA ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES

 

4.1.1  PARTICIPATION IN TAX COLLECTION

 

4.2     EQUALITY OF THE EXPECTED AND ACTION RETURNS FROM TAX COLLECTORS

 

4.3     HINDRNACES TO REVENUE

 

4.4     TREATMENT OF UNDER ASSESSMENT

 

4.5     TRETMENT OF TAX AVOIDANACE

 

4.6     FRAUD AND DISHONESTY IN TAX ASSESSMENT

 

4.7     TEST OF HYPOTHESIS

 

CHAPTER FIVE

 

5.0            SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, RECOMMENDATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS

 

5.1     SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

 

5.2     RECOMMENDATIONS

 

5.3     CONCLUSION

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

QUESTIONNAIRE

 

LIST OF TABLES

 

4.1            PARTICIPATION IN TAX COLLECTION

 

4.2            EQUALITY OF THE EXPECTED AND ACTUAL RETURNS FROM TAX COLLECTORS

 

4.3            GREATEST HINDRANCES TO REVENUE COLLECTION

 

4.4            TREATMENT OF UNDER ASSESSMENT

 

4.5            TRETMENT OF TAC AVOIDANCE

 

4.6            FRAUD AND DISHONESTY IN TAX ASSESSMENT

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

 

A tax could be defined as a compulsory payment levied on individuals by government or paying a specific percentage of their earnings or a specific amount of money in order to raise revenue for development purposes.

 

A tax according to Agyei (1985:2) defines tax as “the transfer of resources from the private sector to the public sector in order accomplish some of the nation’s economic and social goals”. Well, the primary economic goal of developing countries is to increase the rate of economic growth and hence the income per capitals which will lead to higher standards of living.

 

A goals which will be achieved with the introduction of tax are: provision of additional basic government services, particularly in education, public health and transport which are imperative for the growth of the rest of the economy.

 

Personal income tax was first introduced in Nigeria I  1904 by the late Lord Lugard, when the community tax operative in Northern Nigeria. Formerly. Nigerian cheerfully paid their taxes in kind of rendering free services such as clearing the bush, digging put toilet, well etc. for the benefit of the community as a whole failure to render such services usually resulted in seizure of property which might be reclaimed on payment of money.

 

In 1917, Lord Lugard made certain changes which culminated in the native Revenu ordinance, it was the (1917) ordinance that was extended to the Eastern Nigeria in 1928. the stiff expositions was also made it the end of 1939 chief Okugo of Oloko carried out the instructions laid down by the British Administrations on a new way of taxing income of individuals. This led to remour that a new system of taxation will be introduced. Its later consequence culminated to Aba women Riot against the British Administration. Meanwhile, in the year 1799 it was introduced by famous British king known as William and catering for government expenditure.

 

Income tax was very effective in Northern Nigeria but finally has come to stay in Nigeria today. The Raiseman fiscal commission of 1958, recommended the introduction of basic principles for taxing income of persons other than companies. This recommendation was embodied in Nigeria constitution order in council in (1960) and which formed the basis of the income tax management Act (1961).

 

By Untue of Edit (6) of 1970, the Board of internal Revenue came into being in effect, the Board became an organ charged with the responsibility of carrying out broad policies of tax administration in Anambra state.

 

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

 

These problem hinder the provision of various services from security to economic services for the citizens. Though the funds which would have been collected are not available to the government thereby creating stability of the economy.

 

Some of the problems are easily enumerated as stated below.

 

(i)                Lack of staff and inputs such as station eries, vehicles and effective legislation to couer the tax officials.

 

(ii)             Lack of appropriate incentives to officials and logistics supply for effective tax drive.

 

(iii)           Inadequate enlightenment to tax payers.

 

(iv)           Lack of adequate information to tax payers services.

 

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