BEFORE YOU READ THE CHAPTER ONE/ABSTRACT OF THE PROJECT TOPIC BELOW, PLEASE READ THE INFORMATION BELOW.THANK YOU!
YOU CAN GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT OF THE TOPIC BELOW. THE FULL PROJECT COSTS N5,000 ONLY.
THE FULL INFORMATION ON HOW TO PAY AND GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT IS AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE. OR YOU CAN CALL: 08137701720
SERUM CALCIUM LEVEL IN GERIATRIC MEN, COMPARATIVE STUDIES
Calcium is the most important mineral in the body. The body needs calcium for normal functioning of nerves and muscles including the most important muscles of all which is the heart. Calcium is also important for healthy bones and teeth. The amount of calcium in the blood is carefully controlled by the body’s hormonal systems. The body gets calcium from diary products, some vegetables (such as broccoli), and some fortified foods. Calcium can also be obtained from taken pills containing calcium. Most of the body’s calcium is stored in the bones and only small amount is found in the blood (serum). Calcium is maintained within a fairly narrow range from 8.5 to 10.5mg/dl (4.3 to 5.3meq/l or 2.2 to 2.7mmol/l). The estimation of serum calcium level is fraught with possible errors. Several means of contamination might lead to false elevations of serum calcium concentration. Before the test is carried out, one does not need to fast or limit ones activity before the test. Rather certain medicine/drugs needed to be avoided before the test, because they might affect the test result. The result of the experiment can be calculated, since the differences in serum calcium is significance with the age differences. Those with the age bracket (50 years & above) have lesser serum calcium level than those in the range of 20 to 30 years.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Title Page ——————————————————————i
List of table and Figures ————————————————v
Table of content ———————————————————–vi
1.0.0: Introduction ——————————————————- 1
1.1.0: The amount of calcium in the body —————————1
2.0.0: Literature review ————————————————–3
2.1.0: Reasons for serum calcium test ———————————
2.2.0: Techniques for serum calcium test —————————–
2.3.0: Factors that determines the serum calcium test ————-
2.4.0: Values of serum calcium fractions ——————————
2.5.0: Effects of abnormalities in serum calcium levels ————-
2.6.0: Biological functions of inorganic ions —————————
2.7.0: Clinical significance of serum calcium ————————–
2.7.1: Causes of hypocalcaemia ——————————————-
2.7.2: Causes of hypercalceamia ——————————————
2.8.0: Effector organs ——————————————————-
2.8.1: Sources ——————————————————————
2.8.2: Excretion —————————————————————-
2.8.3: The roles of bone ——————————————————-
2.8.4: Interaction of calcium with other chemicals ———————
2.8.5: Regulatory organs —————————————————–
3.0.0: Methodology/ Instruments ————————————
3.1.0: Instruments used ————————————————-
3.2.0: Collection of specimens ——————————————
3.3.0: Methodology ——————————————————–
3.3.1: Principle of the test ————————————————
3.3.2: Procedure used —————————————————–
3.3.3: Calculation of the results —————————————–
4.0.0: Experimental result—————————————————-
4.1.0: Statistical analysis —————————————————–
5.1.0: Discussion ——————————————————————–
5.2.0: Conclusions ———————————————————————
5.3.0: References ————————————————————————
5.4.0: Recommendation —————————————————————
Serum Calcium level in Geriatric men
Calcium is the most common mineral in the body and one of the most important elements. The body needs it to build and fix bones and teeth, help nerves work, make muscles squeeze together, help blood clot, and help the heart to work. Almost all of the calcium in the body is stored in the bone. The rest is found in the blood.
Normally the level of calcium in the blood is carefully controlled. When blood calcium levels get low (hypocalcemia), the bones release calcium to bring it back to a normal blood level. When blood calcium levels get high (hypercalcemia), the extra calcium is stored in the bones or passed out of the body in urine and stool.
The of serum calcium level appears to be associated with blood pressure and metabolic risk factors for cardiovascular disease.
1.2.0: The amount of calcium in the body depends on the amount of:
Vitamin D: these hormones help control the amount of calcium in the body. They also control the amount of calcium absorbed from food and the amount passed from the body in urine and stool. The blood levels of phosphate are closely linked to calcium levels and they work in opposite ways: As blood calcium levels get high, phosphate levels get low, and the opposite is also true.
The aim and objective of this study is to:
Compare the values obtained with age group 20 to 30 years.
HOW TO GET THE FULL PROJECT WORK
PLEASE, print the following instructions and information if you will like to order/buy our complete written material(s).
HOW TO RECEIVE PROJECT MATERIAL(S)
After paying the appropriate amount (#5,000) into our bank Account below, send the following information to 08137701720
(1) Your project topics
(2) Email Address
(3) Payment Name
(4) Teller Number
We will send your material(s) after we receive bank alert
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 0046579864
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 2023350498
YOU CAN ALSO MAKE A TRANSFER PAYMENT
FOR MORE INFORMATION, CALL: