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THE EFFECT OF OIL SPILLAGE ON SOIL PROPERTIES AND PERFORMANCE

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THE EFFECT OF OIL SPILLAGE ON SOIL PROPERTIES AND PERFORMANCE

 

ABSTRACT

This work discusses The effect of oil spillage on soil properties and performance. The effect of oil spillage and other industrial wastes on our environment have been a major concern in the Ojodu area of lagos state. This write up provides a detailed study of oil spillage. It also contain an overview of soil composition and fertility in the Ojodu area of lagos state.
Finally this project highlighted the consequences of oil spillage on soil and crop performance in the Ojodu area of lagos state. The effectiveness of various results obtained depends on the nature of oil, relative properties of the soil and soil environment. Also this work gives some possible control measures to check spillage.

TABLE OF CONTENTS

CHAPTER ONE
1.0 introduction
1.1 The nature and consequences of environmental pollution 2
1.2 aim and objectives 3
1.3 statement of problem 4
1.4 limitation of study 4
1.5 justification of study 5
CHAPTER TWO
2.0 literature review 6
2.1 soil and its properties 6
2.2 soil survey and soil particle size distribution in warri 8
2.3 oil spillage 10
2.4 causes of oil spillage 11
2.4.1 Mechanical failure 12
2.4.2 Operational discharges 12
2.4.3 Sabotage 12
2.4.4 Natural hazards 12
2.4.5 Corrosion 13
2.5 effects of oil spillage on soil properties and crop performance 13
2.6 soil solution 15
2.7 soil acidity 16
2.8 soil temperature and its effect 16
2.9 soil fertility 18
2.9.1 soil element 19
CHAPTER THREE
3.0 Methodology 21
3.1 materials 21
3.2 Methods 21
3.3 Laboratory analyses 22
3.3.1 Determination of soil ph 22
3.3.2 Determination of organic carbon 22
3.3.3 Determination of total – nitrogen 24
3.3.4 Determination of calcium 25
3.3.5 Determination of soil temperature 26
3.3.6 Determination of alkalinity 26
3.4 Study area. 27
CHAPTER FOUR
4.0 Experimental result 28
4.1 Discussion 29
4.1.1 Soil ph 29
4.1.2 Organic carbon 30
4.1.3 Total nitrogen 30
4.1.4 Alkalinity 30
4.1.5 Temperature 31
4.1.6 Microbial count 31
CHAPTER FIVE
5.0 Conclusion 32
5.1 recommendations 33
5.2 Possible control measures 33
Reference.

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