BEFORE YOU READ THE ABSTRACT OR CHAPTER ONE OF THE PROJECT TOPIC BELOW, PLEASE READ THE INFORMATION BELOW.THANK YOU!
YOU CAN GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT OF THE TOPIC BELOW. THE FULL PROJECT COSTS N10,000 ONLY. THE FULL INFORMATION ON HOW TO PAY AND GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT IS AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE. OR YOU CAN CALL: 08068231953, 08168759420
THE INFLUENCE OF METHOD AND INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS FOR TEACHING AND LEARNING GEOGRAPHY IN SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOLS
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page i
Table of Contents vi-vii
1.1 Background of the study 1-2
1.2 Statement of the problem 3
1.3 Purpose of the study 3
1.4 Research questions 4
1.5 Scope of the study 4
1.6 Significance of the study 5
1.7 Definition of Terms 6
REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.0 Introduction 7-8
2.1 Conceptual Framework 8-11
2.2 Types of Instructional Materials and Resources (Florida Sunshine State)
2.3 Evaluation and Selection of Instructional Materials (Textbook) 14-16
2.4 Instructional Materials in Geography 16
2.5 The Scope of Geography in Senior Secondary School 17
2.6 Reasons for Inadequate Resources in Geography 18-20
2.7 Solution to the Inadequate Instructional Materials in Geography 20-22
2.8 Historical Perspectives of Instructional 22-24
2.9 Development of Instructional Media in Nigeria 24-25
3.1 Research design 26-27
3.2 Population and Sample 26-27
3.3 Method of Data Collection 27
3.4 Techniques of Data Analysis 28
3.5 Problem Encountered 28
4.0 Data Analysis 29-39
5.0 Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation 40
5.1 Summary of Findings 40
5.2 Conclusion 40-41
5.3 Recommendation 41-42
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The uses of instructional materials in the processes of effective teaching and learning cannot be over emphasized. According to Ibe (1998) an instructional materials is an object or means of communication process that stores and distributes human experience or knowledge. Therefore the totality of the information carrying devices. Instructional materials in teaching generally make the teaching process easier.
However in order to appreciate the importance of instructional materials in teaching – learning process, Rhert Heinich et. al (2001) consider the reasons for using them.
The Chinese proverb conclude that;
I hear – I forget
I see – I remember
I do – I understand
Geography is not defined by the uniqueness of its content rather hold gain their distinction by the way in which they organize and analyze the data they collect regarding particular aspects of the human experience. Geography organizes its information within the context of the spatial environment. Today the focus of geography inquiry is generally conceded to be on spatial interactions that is the geography seeks to understand the significance of human activity within a spatial framework. An average geographer present their data primarily though the construction of maps.
The scope of geography as coined out in Greek words imply the description of the earth i.e. Geo-describe, Graphy-earth. The descriptive exercise spanned from physical features i.e. valley, mountains, climate etc to socio-cultural features i.e. settlement, agriculture, population transportation etc.
However observation over the years revealed the lack of these instructional materials in the teaching and learning of geography in our secondary schools. Most schools offering geography at the senior level have resulted into abstract teaching and learning process. Textbooks are often used with diagram and sketches. Exposure to real object and field trips to place to geography importance are I have gone into extinction. The impact of this is diminishing importance of geography as an environmental science and poor performance of students in the subject.
It is against this background that it becomes necessary to investigate the extent, of the availability, adequacy and utilization of instructional materials in the teaching and learning of geography is some selected senior secondary schools in Ewekoro Local Government Area of Ogun State.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The persistence problem of non-availability or inadequacy of most instructional materials in the teaching and learning of geography has been of great concern to teacher and learners of geography. Coupled with this problem is non utilization of the available resources in the school by geography teachers teaching. This may not be unconnected with the fact that most the these teachers have insufficient knowledge on geography and may not be able to handle these instructional materials. Some of these students in the senior secondary schools easily forget what they were taught while they were schooling on graduation. Even those yet to leave show lukewarm attitude towards the subject.
The problem of this study, wishes to address is what is the extent of availability, adequacy and utilization of instructional materials in the teaching and learning of geography in the senior secondary schools.
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this study are to:
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
The following research questions will guide the study.
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The focus of this study is to determined the extent of availability of instructional materials in geography, adequacy and the extent of utilization of instructional materials by geography teachers in the senior secondary schools. Five secondary schools were selected in Ewekoro Local Government as coverage area.
The five secondary schools are:
The questionnaire instrument for gathering data shall be used. The questionnaire shall be administered on twenty geography students in each of these schools and ten teachers across the local government area.
LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
To aid proper understanding, some of the term used in this research work are hereby define as follows:
HOW TO GET THE FULL PROJECT WORK
PLEASE, print the following instructions and information if you will like to order/buy our complete written material(s).
HOW TO RECEIVE PROJECT MATERIAL(S)
After paying the appropriate amount (#10,000) into our bank Account below, send the following information to
08068231953 or 08168759420
(1) Your project topics
(2) Email Address
(3) Payment Name
(4) Teller Number
We will send your material(s) after we receive bank alert
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 0046579864
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 2023350498
FOR MORE INFORMATION, CALL:
08068231953 or 08168759420