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THE PROBLEM AND PROSPECTS OF COCOYAM PRODUCTION

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EFFECT OF DEFOLIATION AND NPK FERTILIZER ON YIELD OF MAIZE (Zea mays L)

 

ABSTRACT

This experiment was conducted at experimental field of Faculty of Agriculture, University of Benin, Benin-City, during 2014 growing season. A 3×4 factorial experiment in randomized complete block design with 3 replications was used to study effect of defoliation and NPK fertilizer on yields of maize. Factors were three defoliation levels, No defoliation (D0), defoliation above ear (D1), defoliation below ear including the ear leaves (D2) and four fertilizer rates (0, 300, 400 and 500 kg/ha). Parameters measured were ear diameter, No. of harvested ear, ear weight, ear length, cob diameter, No. of kernel row/ ear, No. of kernel row, 100 seed weight, grain yield, % germination ( laboratory and field ), radical length, shoot length and Ogi yield. The results showed that defoliation had significant effect on ear diameter, ear weight, number of kernel per ear, grain yield, seedling dry weight and “Ogi” yield. Defoliation reduced ear weight (D1 26% and D2 14.68%), grain yield (D1 26.79% and D2 13.32 % ) and Ogi (D1 26.78% and D2 9.93 %). NPK application showed significant effect on ear length, ear weight, number of kernel, grain yields and “Ogi” yield. Defoliation effect was more severe on plants defoliated above the ear. This suggest that top leaves should not be defoliated as above leaves transferred more of their assimilates to the ear. Fertilizer application failed to ameliorate the effect of the imposed defoliation.

TABLE OF CONTENT:

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

1.2     Statement of the Research Problem

1.3     Objectives of the Study

1.4     Significance of the Study

1.5     Research Questions

1.6     Research Hypothesis

1.7     Conceptual and Operational Definition

1.8     Assumptions

1.9     Limitations of the Study

 

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1     Sources of Literature

2.2     The Review

2.3     Summary of Literature Review

 

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1     Research Method

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Research Sample

3.4     Measuring Instrument

3.5     Data Collection

3.6     Data Analysis

3.7     Expected Result

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS

4.1     Data Analysis

4.2     Results

4.3     Discussion

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendations for Further Study

References

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ATTENTION:

BEFORE YOU READ THE CHAPTER ONE OF THE PROJECT TOPIC BELOW, PLEASE READ THE INFORMATION BELOW.THANK YOU!

 

INFORMATION:

YOU CAN GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT OF THE TOPIC BELOW. THE FULL PROJECT COSTS N5,000 ONLY. THE FULL INFORMATION ON HOW TO PAY AND GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT IS AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE. OR YOU CAN CALL: 08068231953, 08168759420

 

 

THE PROBLEM AND PROSPECTS OF COCOYAM PRODUCTION

 

ABSTRACT

It is a common practice in Nigeria and other West Africa Countries especially in area lying within the rainforest belt, with thick vegetation cover, the aim of management should be to avoid excessive and inadequate level of farming system and maintains sufficient for planting of cocoyam. The study therefore seeks to examine and appraise the problems and prospects of cocoyam production in our society, a case study of Ovia North East Local Government Area.

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

Background of the study

 

Statement of the problem

 

Research questions

 

Purpose of the study

 

Significance of the study

 

Scope of the study

 

Limitation of the study

 

Definition of terms

 

CHAPTER TWO

 

Historical Literature review

 

CHAPTER THREE

 

Research methodology

 

Research design

 

Population of the study

 

Research instrument

 

Data collection

 

Statistical techniques

 

CHAPTER FOUR

 

Data presentation and interpretation of result

 

CHAPTER FIVE

 

Summary, conclusion and recommendation

 

REFERENCES

 

QUESTIONNAIRE

 

CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1    BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

 

Cocoyam (colocasia spp and xanthosoma spp) is grown in the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world particularly in Africa for human nutrition, animal feed, and cash income for both farmers and traders (Onwueme and Chales, 1994). Cocoyam is vegetative propagated using the corms and to a lesser extent the cormels. As food for human consumption, the nutritional value parts of cocoyam is primarily caloric (Davis et al, 1992). The underground cormels provides easily digested starch; and the leaves are nutritious spinach like vegetable, which give a lot of minerals, vitamins and thiamine (Tambong et al, 1997).

 

There are two major types commonly grown in Nigeria namely; colocasia spp and xanthosma spp. In Nigeria, it is regarded as a major crop especially in X2 female headed household. Nigeria is one of the largest producers of cocoyam in the world contributing about 40% of total annual production okinpshectares of land out of the total arable land of 27,900.00 hectares under cocoyam production.

 

Cocoyam grows in association with other food and tree crops a system mostly practiced by subsistence farmers in Nigeria. The bulk of the production of cocoyam is in South East, Nigeria (Enyinnia, 2001). Cocoyam  is regarded as a major food crop in Nigeria especially in female headed households. Nwabuzor (2001) noted that cocoyam can be consumed in various forms when boiled, fried, pounded or roasted. It can also be processed into chips (“achicha”) which has a long shelf and provides food all year round especially during lean planting season (Asadu, 2006). Cocoyam leaves are also used as vegetable for preparing soup in various part of the world. There is a decline in the yields of cocoyam on the past few years. As population pressure on land continues to increases, the importance of cocoyam in ensuring household food security is given adequate recognition even through the present yield are still below expectation. This could be attributed to a lot of factors such as climate variation, drought, poor cultural practices among cocoyam growers, pest and diseases infestation (Ezenwu, 2010).

 

Despite the usefulness of cocoyam corms and leaves in human nutrition, its production and processing in Nigeria is faced with a lot of challenges. Some of these challenges are the alarming rate of land degradation and lack of improved varieties for commercial cocoyam and leaf production. Decreasing rainfall and poor soil have also been identified as some of the challenges processing of cocoyam in Nigeria (Osagoe, 2006). Therefore, this study was carried out with the broad objective of ascertaining strategies for improving cocoyam production and processing among women farmers in Edo State, Nigeria.

 

1.2    STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

 

In any human endeavour, there are bound to be some obstacle or hindrance in any of achieving exception to this general rule. Hence this research is designed to find out the problem and prospects of cocoyam production in Ovia North East Local Government Area of Edo State.

 

1.3    PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

 

The main aim of the study is to examine and appraise the problem and prospects of cocoyam production in our society, a case study of Ovia North East Local Government Area.

 

To know the number of farmer producing cocoyam in the local government area.

To know the type of production system.

Identifying problem of cocoyam production

 

1.4    SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

 

It is a common practice in Nigeria and other West Africa countries especially in area lying within the rainforest belt with thick vegetation cover, the aim of management should be avoid excessive and inadequate level of farming system and maintains enough stock raw materials in period of short supply and anticipate price changes.

 

1.5    RESEARCH QUESTIONS

 

This study is centred on planning of cocoyam in our local government council (Ovia North East) with more emphasis on cocoyam production. Survey is a broad discipline that cannot be treated in full in this study. The researcher while trying to obtain information from respondents encountered certain drawback which hindered on farming system.

 

This investigation had a very limited for the study and they only limited time for the study and they only limited the work.

 

1.6    SCOPE OF THE STUDY

 

This study is centered on planting of cocoyam in our local government council (Ovia North East) with more emphasis on cocoyam production. Survey is a broad discipline that cannot be treated in full in this study. The researcher while trying to obtain information from respondents encountered certain drawback which hindered on farming system.

 

1.8    DEFINITION OF TERMS

 

Cocoyam: Cocoyam are herbaceous perennial plants belonging to the family araceae and are grown primarily of their edible roots, although all parts of the plant are edible. Cocoyam that are cultivated as food crops belong to either the genus colocasia or the genus xanthosoma and are generally comprised of a large spherical corm (swollen underground storage stem), from which a few large leaves emerge.

 

Problem: A problem is a road block in a situation, something that sets up a conflict and forces you to find a resolution.

 

Prospect: A prospect is the possibility that something fabulous will happen. After you graduate top of your class at Harvard, for example, your job prospects look great.

 

Production: The process of making or growing something for scale or use.

HOW TO GET THE FULL PROJECT WORK

 

PLEASE, print the following instructions and information if you will like to order/buy our complete written material(s).

 

HOW TO RECEIVE PROJECT MATERIAL(S)

After paying the appropriate amount (#5,000) into our bank Account below, send the following information to

08068231953 or 08168759420

 

(1)    Your project topics

(2)     Email Address

(3)     Payment Name (If you made a transfer)

(4)    Teller Number (If you made a direct deposit)

 

We will send your material(s) after we receive bank alert

 

BANK ACCOUNTS

Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI

Account Number: 0046579864

Bank: GTBank.

 

OR

Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI

Account Number: 2023350498

Bank: UBA.

 

 

 

FOR MORE INFORMATION, CALL:

08068231953 or 08168759420

 

 

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