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A GIS APPROACH TO CRIME MAPPING AND MANAGEMENT IN NIGERIA: A CASE STUDY OF VICTORIA ISLAND LAGOS
The level of development in any community depends to a large extent on its state of security. Over the years the rate of crime in Nigeria has been on the increase and these crimes are being carried out with more perfection and sophistication. Due to lack of adequate and modern technology and sufficient manpower, the Nigerian security agents have not been able to effectively tackle the issue of crime in the country. This has led to the formation of various vigilante groups, to combat crimes in some parts of the country. However, these groups have only succeeded in creating other problems instead of solving the existing ones. Geographic Information System (GIS) offers itself as a tool for effective crime mapping and management. It has many applications and promotes collaborations across a wide variety of disciplines. Therefore, crime analysis using GIS is today relevant in Nigeria, as the rate of crimes is very much on the rise. Since crimes have situational relevance, and hence have a positional element attached to them, GIS can be a very useful tool to display and apply spatial analysis to data, which reside in large databases, in order to obtain a strong visual appreciation of the patterns of crimes. This paper focuses on the utilization of GIS in the mapping and management of crimes in Nigeria using Victoria Island, an area in urban Lagos, as a case study.
Key words: Geoinformation/GI, Spatial Planning, Crime Management and GIS.