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A STUDY OF FACTORS AFFECTING STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN EXAMINATION AT UNIVERSITY LEVEL

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A STUDY OF FACTORS AFFECTING STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN EXAMINATION AT UNIVERSITY LEVEL

 

 

Abstract

Examination is an integral part of the education system, which has certain objectives .Examinations are useful as it measures a student’s progress towards predetermined objectives. Examination is a process for testing the abilities or achievement of the student in any area of academic program. So there are also some factors, which create obstacles to measure the real performance of the student. This study designed to measure the factors affecting student’s performance in examination at university level. Questionnaire was used as research tool. The questionnaire was administered to 200 students, 100 students from Faculty of Arts and 100 students from Faculty of Science of Bahauddin Zakariya University Multan, Pakistan. Mean score was calculated to determine the empirical reaction of students on each item. The data was analyzed Gender wise and Faculty wise to compare by using standard deviation and Z test. The findings for each statement were made. On the basis of findings, the conclusion was drawn. It was found that (i) the respondents viewed that at university level most of the psychological, physical, socio-economic and educational factors affected their performance in examination (ii) Change in pattern of question papers near examination affect student’s performance (iii) The respondents viewed that unfair means in examination affect their performance (iv) Lack of proper guidance affect their performance in examination. On the basis of findings of study, following recommendation were made to improve examination system (1) students may be given proper examination training before getting into final examination, in order to avoid overconfidence as well as exam phobia (2) Internal environment of examination may be peaceful and conducive to the students (3) Difficulty level of questions in question paper may be moderate i.e. neither too easy nor too difficult (4) paper evaluator may pay more concentration while marking answer sheet.  Keywords: Factors, affecting, performance , examination, students, University level;