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A SURVEY OF THE CAUSES OF INDISCIPLINE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA AKWA IBOM STATE

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A SURVEY OF THE CAUSES OF INDISCIPLINE AMONG SECONDARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN UYO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA AKWA IBOM STATE

 

                                                          ABSTRACT

 

This project work seeks to find out the causes of indiscipline among students in public secondary schools, a case study of Uyo North Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. During the survey, data were collected through the use of the questionnaire in four selected public secondary schools. This research examines important aspects of indiscipline both in the light of psychological knowledge and of the overall task of the society, school, its administrators, and teaching staff and parents. The imperative of indiscipline, its causes, types and solutions are discussed in the project and pedagogical, social, and psychological techniques are proffered importantly. We concluded that all the agent and agencies of education need to put hands on decking order to prevent and curb this social menace called indiscipline in our public secondary schools. The study was designed to examine the factors responsible for indiscipline among secondary school students and the need for stakeholders in education to find the solution to the problems of indiscipline in schools. Indiscipline behaviour appears to be endemic in schools in recent times, being manifested by students at all levels particularly among secondary school students. The social problem of juvenile delinquency which is the main cause of indiscipline has eaten deep into the fabrics of our society like a cankerworm and there is need for something to be done to rid the society of this cankerworm. Ex-post facto research design was employed in the study. The study population was all Government Secondary Schools in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State which is about 5000, and 1000 students were sampled from this population using random sampling for the study. Questionnaires were the instrument used for data collection. Data collected were analyzed using population t-test and Pearson Moment Correlation analysis. Results of the analysis showed among others that indiscipline among secondary school students is greatly influenced by their attitude to learning, parental style, peer groups and other factors and to ensure effective education in our secondary schools, all the necessary hindrances must be addressed from the grass roots by ensuring that the students are well disciplined.

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

For obvious reason, we might be tempted to undermine the theme of this paper. Reasons are not far fetched; the topic most academic will say is of common place discourse in the nook and crannies of the country and the world at large. However, we make bold to state here that these are mere assumptions. The topic demands our serious consideration and resolution because of its visible impediment to national growth and development. Currencies are without doubt apparent.

 

This being so, a clear understanding of a topic begin with an espies on the meaning of the term indiscipline. Indiscipline, a derivative of the word, discipline, according to the chambers twentieth century dictionary is a mode of life in accordance with rules subjection to control.

 

The oxford advance learner’s dictionary defines it as a lack of control in the behaviour of a group of people. Tulihi and Bello (1980) assert that indiscipline is the breaking of rule and regulation of institutions. According to Uwagie Ero et al (2002) indiscipline is a state of disorder used by lack of training and control to the end. Indiscipline can simply be seen as a mode of life not in conformity with rules and regulation capable of obstructing the smooth and orderly, functioning in the school system.

 

Adeyemo (1985) school rules and regulations in most cases do affect students more than any other thing because they are made by the school authorities in order to guide and protect the students while in school. The problem of indiscipline is more apparent among school students. Indiscipline among them has attracted serious attention of scholars and administrators. These scholars and administrators attribute indiscipline among public secondary school students in their state of development. They opined that when students notice certain biological changes signaling maturity in the course of their growth and development, they tend to misbehave by faulting school rules and regulations (Mukharjee 1985).

 

The causes of indiscipline are based on the acts of indiscipline among students in public secondary schools range from deviation from simple norms and instruction of heinous crime infact the list is inexhaustible. Ozula (1986) listed some act of indiscipline which include disobedience, vandalisation, quarreling, fighting, rioting, wickedness, absenteeism, violence, dishonesty, arson, idleness, disorderliness, laziness, smuggling, jealousy, gossip, drunkenness, greed, selfishness, discrimination, corruption, bribery, drug abuse, sex, and raping. Others are lawlessness, kidnapping, murder, oppression, misappropriation of fund and mismanagement. Disobedience is the mother of indiscipline. According to the Holy Bible, from the book of Genesis 1:26, 3:6 says that God created the world and made man above everything therein still man sinned-disobeyed God by eating the forbidding fruit the consequence of this indiscipline was great, God cursed man and drove him out of the garden of Eden.

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

This study is geared towards the investigation of the survey of the causes of indiscipline among students in public secondary school and how to curb it. The following shall stand the basic research questions. Anchored on the fact that indiscipline among secondary school students in Uyo local government area has caused some problems such as cruelty,rioting, blyying, lateness to school, truancy etc. The existence of indiscipline among secondary school students is an educational problem that needs to be solved. It is quite a common sight for students misbehaving in one way or the other. The problem inherent in indiscipline cannot be over-emphasized.                                                                                                              Many parents complain about the behaviour of their students. Schools also experience unusual behaviour from their students. The society at large witnesses instances of unruly behaviours among students and youths (Adesina 1999). Considering the prevalence of unruly behaviour manifested by our students and the apparent after effects of such behaviours, not only the students but also the society at large. The concern of this study therefore is to investigate the nature of indiscipline among secondary school students in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. In the teaching and learning process certain identifiable problems of indiscipline militate against its success and achievements.

That means for effective teaching and learning to take place there must be discipline in order to make reasonable achievements.

 

In spite of the effort so far made by the government for the past eight years to curb indiscipline in our secondary schools, delinquency, truancy, disobedience, absenteeism, etc. are some of the problems of teaching and learning in our secondary schools in Abua/Odual Local Government Area. This study is therefore interested in addressing the problems of indiscipline so that teaching and learning will improve in our schools.

 

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

1) To find out societal influence on indiscipline on secondary school students.

2) To find out whether home background causes students’ indiscipline

3) To  investigate how poor school administration causes indiscipline

4) To find out if the influence of peer group has in any way contributed to the level of students’ indiscipline in school

5) find out the effect of the mass media on indiscipline

  1. To examine indisciplinary acts among secondary school students in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State. Specifically, the study set to find out:

 

Types of indisciplinary behaviour among secondary school students in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State.

 

Causes of indiscipline among secondary school students in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State.

 

Effects of indiscipline on students’ performance in Uyo  Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State.

  1. To know the strategies of solving the problem of indiscipline among secondary school students in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State.
  2. To determine the factors underlying the problem of maintaining effective discipline in secondary schools.
  3. To ascertain the effects of such factors on academic performance.
  4. To make recommendation on the areas that would solve these problems.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

The following shall stand as the basis of the research questions/hypothesis

1) What are the causes, problems and solutions of indiscipline among public secondary school students?

2) How does societal morals contribute to indiscipline?

3) Does home background contribute to indiscipline?

4) How does poor school administration affects students’ in disciplinary behaviour?

5) Does peer group influence causes indiscipline?

1.5 RESEARCH HYPOTHESIS

H0: There are no causes, problems and solutions of indiscipline among public secondary school students.

H1: There are causes, problems and solutions of indiscipline among public secondary school students.

H0: Societal morals are not contribute to indiscipline.

H1: Societal morals  contribute to indiscipline.

H0: Poor school administration does not affects students’ in disciplinary behaviour.

H1: Poor school administration does not affects students’ in disciplinary behaviour.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The significance of this study is to identify the causes and solutions of indiscipline among schools. These findings will go long way in exposing teachers and other school workers to the major cause of indiscipline in schools. And these will help the teachers in curbing indiscplinary behaviour in schools again, as a result of this research work, principals see their shortcomings and evolve a more effective approach to teaching and school management. Lastly, the findings of the study would help parents, teachers, school administrators, government and society in general in knowing the various part they should play which could lead to indiscipline. Indiscipline is one of the major problems hindering the normal development of youths in the society especially students in post primary schools. Indiscipline as it concerns achievement of educational goals, has  received a lot of attention.Edem (1982) states that indiscipline as the violation of school rules and regulations which is capable of obstructing the smooth and orderly functioning of the school system should be consequently avoided through perfect orientation of students and imposition of positive sanction in case of obvious violation of the order. Indiscipline is the inability of students and/or teachers to respect authority, observe and obey school rules and regulations. It is also a social disorder which hampers a high standard of behaviour conducive to maintenance of teaching – learning process. Nwanna (1971) carried out a study of the major offences committed by students in some schools in the Western region and found that some of the most frequently committed offences include stealing, lying, bulling, lateness to school, rioting, cruelty, absence and truancy. Soya (1997) in his study found that students these days block the school entrance thereby preventing others, the principal and staff gaining entrance into the school premises. Such was another form of indisciplined behaviour exhibited by youths these days. This act is termed socially as maladjusted. Some of the disciplinary measures adopted by the various school authorities are canning, suspension, manual labour, expulsion, deprivation of privileges etc. Indiscipline is like a cankerworm that has eaten deep into the fabrics of the society. It breeds lawlessness and lawlessness brings crime, and consequently self-destruction. Indiscipline in schools contributes to lack of success in one’s life, if allowed to linger on for a long time. It is in this view of the above that the researcher was moved to carry out this study. The study is of significance to many categories of people viz: The students, Teachers, Government, School authority, Parents and the society at large.

 

For students, the study would help them to understand some short comings of indisciplined behaviour. Also they would know that it pays to be well disciplined.

The society would also benefit at the end of studying this research in the sense that the study will provide the government with the idea of forming action group for the curbing of indiscipline and also for inculcating acceptable code of conducts in the youth generally.

Teachers and principals will be well equipped on how best to handle indisciplined students in order to carry them along to achieve a better standard of academic excellence. Again, the school authority will be able to introduce some additional rules and regulations that will improve the governance of school. Parents will be better informed on their roles as primary assignment which is to grow and train their students to be able to conform to rules and regulations where ever they find themselves.

(1) To provide information for government and school administrators about the solution to the problems of school indiscipline.

 

(2) To provide relevant data about the causes of indiscipline from teachers perspective.

 

(3) To make recommendations and suggestions that possibly could help solve the problem of indiscipline.

1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study focused on examining indiscipline among secondary school students in Uyo Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State.

1.8 LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

 

The following problems were encountered in the cause of this study.

 

  1. Financial problem: lack of finance has hinders in getting much needed materials for the work.

 

  1. Lack of time: this was also a major factor that contributed to the study because of the short time frame; the study was narrowed into a smaller sample.

 

  1. Transportation difficulties have hindered the distribution of the questionnaire in different schools in the area; this caused a great impediment to the researcher.

 

1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS

Indiscipline:  Indiscipline is one of the major problems hindering the normal development of youths in the society especially students in post primary schools. Indiscipline as it concerns achievement of educational goals, has  received a lot of attention.Edem (1982) states that indiscipline as the violation of school rules and regulations which is capable of obstructing the smooth and orderly functioning of the school system should be consequently avoided through perfect orientation of students and imposition of positive sanction in case of obvious violation of the order. Indiscipline is the inability of students and/or teachers to respect authority, observe and obey school rules and regulations. It is also a social disorder which hampers a high standard of behaviour conducive to maintenance of teaching – learning process. Nwanna (1971) carried out a study of the major offences committed by students in some schools in the Western region and found that some of the most frequently committed offences include stealing, lying, bulling, lateness to school, rioting, cruelty, absence and truancy.

 

Student: A person who is studying in a school, especially a secondary school.

 

Secondary School: This is a school for young people between the age of 11 and 16.

 

Regulation: This is an official rule made by authority.

 

Discipline: This is the practice of training people to obey rules and regulations.

 

Indiscipline: This is lack of discipline, control in the behaviour of a group of people.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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