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AN ASSESSMENT OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN POVERTY LEVELS AND ALCOHOL AND DRUG ABUSE: A CASE OF MOSORIOT TEACHERS COLLEGE AND ITS NEIGHBOURHOOD
Alcohol abuse among the youth in Kenya has increasingly been reported. In the community surrounding Mosoriot Teachers Training College, alcohol has been linked to contribute to high cases of indiscipline and anti – social behaviors and crimes. The purpose of this study was to establish the relationship between Poverty levels and Alcohol and Drug Abuse (ADA) in Mosoriot Teachers College and its neighborhood. This study adopted a survey research design, utilizing both quantitative and qualitative data collection and analysis methods. Primary data was collected using questionnaires and interviews. The target population for the study comprised of 800 individuals who included; students, teachers, traders, farmers, clergy, provincial administration, security personnel, and local/village elders. The study used a sample of 80 respondents who were drawn from the College and surrounding community; comprising of 20 students, 13 teachers, 13 farmers, 15 business community members, 11 youths, 2 clergy, 1 chief, 2 security personnel, 1 provincial administrator, and 2 community elders. Purposive sampling was used to obtain the sample on which the study was carried to ensure that views were collected from a cross – section of community representation. Study findings revealed that Alcohol brewing is a source of livelihood in most households in the area, majorities of the people drink so as to reduce stress related problems and the youth indulge in alcoholism excessively and irresponsibly which contradicts the cultural norms. The study recommended that there is an urgent need to address joblessness among the youth, legislation to ensure local pubs do not sell alcohol to the youth and security personnel to be at the forefront in the fight against ADA in communities where they serve.
Keywords: Alcohol and Drug Abuse (ADA), Poverty levels