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ANALYSIS OF STUDENTS FLOW IN PUBLIC SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN DELTA STATE, NIGERIA
This study examined the major determinants of the trend of students’ flow such as promotion, repetition, dropout, survival rates, and the coefficient of internal efficiency of public secondary schools in Delta State between 2009 and 2016. A simple random sampling technique was employed in the selection of 44 schools from the 440 public secondary schools in Delta State. The reliability test result from Cronbach’s Alpha and Guttman split-half Coefficient was 0.96 and 0.93 respectively. Data were analyzed using mathematical equations, bar charts, mean and standard deviation. Findings revealed that the trends of average promotion and dropout rates increased through the classes while the repetition rate had an undulating trend. Average repetition rate increased from JSS1 (3.7%) to SS3 (6.3%) as well as the dropout from JSS1 (4.4%) to SS2 (10%). Grand promotion, repetition, and dropout rates were 73.75%, 4.27%, and 21.98% respectively. The survival rate (62.8%), grand mean (3.90), and coefficient of internal efficiency (65%) derived from the school cohorts confirm the large class size, lack of interest in learners and teachers not punctual to school as probable factors influencing students’ flow. It was recommended that class size as recommended in the educational policy should be maintained, modern science laboratory and ICT centres should be built, and school environment should be made conducive for learning in order to enhance promotion rate and internal efficiency.
Keywords: Student flow; Class size, Promotion rate; Repetition rate, Drop-out rate