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ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN URBAN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

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ASSESSMENT OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN URBAN ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1 Background of the study

Environmental management involves the management of all components of the bio-physical environment, both living (biotic) and non-living (abiotic). This is due to the interconnectedness and network of relationships amongst all living species and their habitats. It also involves the relationships of various human facets, such as the social, cultural and economic environment with the bio-physical environment.

 

Over the last decade, management on usage of natural resources in a sustainable manner has become one of the priorities of government, policy makers and environmentalists etc. Due to unbridled industrial growth in last century huge impacts both positive as well negative has been realized, of which one major negative one is on the environment. The increasing focus placed on the environment globally, through multilateral norms, agreements and conventions, has shifted the responsibility from the governments (particularly the national governments) as a ‘provider’ to a more consensus-based approach, where all stakeholders have a role to play, bringing to the table different resources during the different processes of environmental management.

 

Of particular significance has been the participation and role of the ‘community’ the primary stakeholder in these processes has become an important component of all environmental programmes and projects, both in terms of decision-making processes, and of creating an enabling environment for the community to have a say over aspects that affect their lives. In general in all development programmes of government local level participation has occupied an important position in project implementation. Otherwise also participation or decentralized governance is one of the cornerstones of Indian democracy and has equal benefits for policy makers, public servants and civil society. To highlight few:

 

  • Participation helps government to make more appropriate decisions based on the local needs of people
  • The more informed people are, or the more participation ,the better they understand about government’s strategy, budget and resource limitations .

 

The local needs are varying in various communities and thus creating a partnership between community and government helps in addressing the development needs and service delivery.

The present paper tries to look into the role of local community with specific focus on women in managing environmental programmes through sustainable use of natural resources and of disposing and keeping the generated wastes judiciously. It will look into the intersection between community participation, and environmental management, the dynamics of interrelationships of local community with the policy makers and environment. This will help in providing significant opportunities and challenges for sustainable development at the local level. The paper would also supplement few case studies from rural area where local community specifically women have helped in environmental management.

Key Issues in Community Participation which helps in Environmental Management Community Participation (CP) is a process which involves people to participate in planning, implementing and managing their local environment. It is actually a readiness on the part of both local governments and the community to accept equal responsibilities and activities in managing their surroundings. It also means a commitment to bring to the table resources, skills and knowledge for this purpose, and a respect for the capabilities and capacities of all partners. It means that the value of each group’s contribution is seen, appreciated and used. It is an inclusive form of development in which the community’s representatives as “partners” in decision-making, makes for successful community participation.

 

  • Statement of the problem

There may have been previous researches in this subject. This work gives further explanations and analysis in assessment of community participation in urban environmental management

 

  • Objectives of the study
  1. To understand the impact of community participation in urban environmental management

2.To understand the relationship between community participation and urban environmental management

 

 

  • Research questions
  1. What is the impact of community participation in urban environmental management
  • What is the relationship between community participation and urban environmental management

 

  • Research hypothesis

H0: There is no relationship between community participation and urban environmental management

H1: There is a relationship between relationship between community participation and urban environmental management

 

 

 

 

 

 

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