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ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF COMMUNITY POLICING   ON CRIME CONTROL IN IBEJU-LEKKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA

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ASSESSMENT OF THE IMPACT OF COMMUNITY POLICING   ON CRIME CONTROL IN IBEJU-LEKKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA

 

 

Abstract

Security breaches, insecurity and increased rate of crime in the Nigeria despite the introduction of community policing since 2004 makes it imperative to examine the perception of the police personnel which is one of the active agency collaborating with the community.  Perception of the police on impact of community policing in controlling crime is very important considering that they are the main partner collaborating with the people. It   is also an indirect way of having insight into their values, attitude and ultimately behaviours towards community policing in Nigeria. Descriptive survey design was adopted for the study. Fifty police personnel comprising of forty-four male and six females with age range of 21 and 40 years ( =3.1,SD=2.7  )were purposively drawn from Ibeju-Lekki Local Government area of Lagos state for the study. The instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire titled Perception of Police Personnel on Community Policing and its Impact on Crime Control (r=74). It was developed and validated by the researcher for the purpose of the study. Six research questions were raised and answered using descriptive statistics while multiple regression was adopted to compute the relative contributions of the variables to police perception. The results show that the police perception of the impact of   community policing in crime control was positive (F (49) =189.69, P<0.05). it  also indicate that  working conditions and community policing practices significantly contributed to the police positive perception on community policing impact on crime control. The findings of this study have implication for policy makers to design activities and programme capable of strengthen the synergy between the community and the police personnel. The need for Counsellors to institute therapy to enhance assertiveness and negation skills of both the police and community for better partnership is also implied in the study.

 

Keywords: Police, perception, Lagos, impact community policing, crime