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CASE STUDY OF A CYBER-PHYSICAL ATTACK AFFECTING PORT AND SHIP OPERATIONAL SAFETY

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CASE STUDY OF A CYBER-PHYSICAL ATTACK AFFECTING PORT AND SHIP OPERATIONAL SAFETY

 

 

Abstract

As the maritime sector embraces more technology to increase efficiency, lower carbon emissions, and adapt to meet modern challenges, cyber and cyber- physical safety become a more significant issue. However, unfortunately, much of past research view cyber-security issues in transportation as primarily information technology problems. This paper designs and uses a case study to illustrate how cyber-security and physical safety should be viewed together, cyber and physical (i.e. cyber-physical), when considering ship-to-ship and ship-to-shore interactions. While there is some scenario designing, this case study is built with real port data and ship systems to demonstrate a real-world cyber-attack on a ship. It shows plausible physical effects that affect the safety of those involved. This case study is also made realistic with a novel hybrid cyber range and hardware testbed environment, designed to examine the different effects a ship-based cyber-attack could potentially have on a port. This informs several solutions, technical and social, that could enhance cyber-

Keywords

Cyber-Physical Security, Safety, Port, Cyber Range, Cybersecurity