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COMMUNITY POLICING AND INSECURITY IN NIGERIA: A STUDY OF COASTER COMMUNITY IN IKORODU AND BADAGRY LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF LAGOS STATE
The level of crime and insecurity in the nation call for urgent attention of policy makers and security agents in taken urgent measure to avert the ugly situation. The protection of life and properties is a collective responsibility of the government and the citizen in tackling crime and social disorder in our society. The objective of this study is to examine community Policing and Insecurity in Nigeria with reference to Ikorodu and Badagry Local government areas in Lagos State. The study made use of interview and cases of criminal activity reported by the community vigilante group in Ikorodu and Badagry local government area to the Nigeria Police force. The obstacles responsible for the abysmal performance of Nigeria Police are inefficient, corruption, extrajudicial killings, intimidation, poor welfare, inadequate personnel just to mention a few. The study adopts Spearman’s Rank Correlation Co-efficient to analysis the cases of criminal activity reported by the community vigilante groups to Nigeria Police. The study reveals that there is co-efficient correlation between Community policing and the Nigeria Police in protection of life and properties in Nigeria. The study concludes that grass root security, neighbourhood watch, neighbourhood town meetings, vigilante group and other security strategies to make the police common structured less central and continue engagement of public in security operation. The study recommends among other that, community participation should involve joint working relationship and cross partnership, in close collaboration at state and local government levels through the state security council’s whose members should include the state Police Commissioner as its practice in Lagos state, to replicated across the 36 local government areas in Nigeria and complement by various organized private sectors in a concerted action through police community forum to enhance successful community policing in Nigeria.
Keywords: Participation, Nigeria Police, Neighbourhood, Collective Responsibility Introduction