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COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SECONDARY STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN INTEGRATED SCIENCE

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COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SECONDARY STUDENTS’ PERFORMANCE IN INTEGRATED SCIENCE

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 

In the present Nigeria society, there is a common saying that the standard of education is falling and that the education provided in the rural area is very poor due to unstimulating nature of the environment.

 

Our rural areas are laden with poverty deprivation, inadequate water supply, electricity and poor learning condition. These factors have direct influence on the learners. It is known that most schools in the rural areas are poorly staffed.

 

This was asserted by Dr. Tai Solarin{2001} “that most schools will richly feather their nests and under-privilege schools in the rural area with no teacher.

 

There are different levels in the educational system in Nigeria, which include; pre-primary, primary, secondary and tertiary levelsUghamadu, {2006}. Integrated science is offered as a subject at the secondary school level and as a course of study at the tertiary level. The current secondary school system of education in Nigeria known as the 6-3-3-4 is made up of the junior secondary school{J.S.S} and the senior secondary school{S.S.S.} System. Integrated science is offered at the senior secondary level and in third tie of the current educational system in Nigeria. Generally, the secondary level of education is designed to expose the learner to as many disciplines as possible in the junior secondary school{J.S.S.} and then allows them to make choices of subjects in the senior secondary school level {S.S.S}.

 

The core school subjects for the senior secondary school education as outlined by Akintade{2011} are Mathematics, English; one Biology; one of literature in English, History and Integrated science and Agricultural science as a vocational subject. Integrated science is thus grouped as one of the core subjects at the senior secondary level and also as part of the body of elective subjects{Olanipekun, 1988}. The optional subjects include: Economics, Bible Knowledge, Arabic studies, Arts, commerce, Book-keeping, French, Government, Home Economics, Islamic studies, Typewriting, Music, Technical Drawing, Physical Education, Health Science, Wood work and shorthand.

 

It is thus glaring that integrated science as a school subject is one of the core and most important subject in secondary school education. Thus is noted by Abegunde{1988} as a measure of its relevance as a subject which enters readily into combination with other pre-requisite school subjects needed for various advanced professional studies. According to Akintade{2011} integrated science is as well relevant for both the students who are likely to continue to tertiary institutions and those who will not proceed, this is because it equips students with a body of knowledge to make them functional and socially relevant in the fast changing world; it is a distinct and dynamic science and a social science discipline that deals with the study of man and his physical environment and therefore helps young people to appreciate the value of their environment and its vast natural resources.

 

Abegunde{1988} further notes that as a subject, the relevance of Integrated science relates to its versatile field of application to the solution of problems of spatial planning and environmental resource management. Furthermore, integrated science is expressive and intellectually stimulating and as well exhibits a correlation with all other school subjects Akintade, {2011}. It invariably instills in students the need to appreciate and develops a sense of responsibility towards their own society.

 

The strength of integrated science as a subject in the senior secondary school lies in the background, training and opportunity it can provide to students who wants to pursue different types of professions among which are career in self-employment, professional establishments, paid employment in government establishment private industries and specialized professions Abegunde{1998}. In spite of these benefits, attrition has been established in secondary schools among Nigeria students studying integrated science Akintade{2011}.

 

One of the reasons that have been adduced for this is the general lukewarm attitude of students to the study of integrated science at secondary school level Olanipekun, {1998} which has been related to the acute shortage of integrated science teachers, thereby impending the smooth transition of students from social studies in JSS to integrated science in SSS.

 

Okunrotifa{2008} noted that apart from the inadequate academic background of pupils and the limited resources for teaching integrated science, the quality of teaching offered in our schools is also a major problem. Consequently, this paper presents a study that will be carried out to analyseteachers’ attributes in relation to secondary school attrition in Integrated science in Akoko local Government Area, ondo state, Nigeria.

 

With this view, this research is to find out the opinion, which say that urban secondary school students are better academically rural secondary school students.

 

Integrated science is used as a research subject and selected within Ondo state, AkokoSouth West local Government, under this local Government, two secondary schools have been choosen to represent rural area under this local Government for the research work. and also two secondary schools to represent urban area.

 

Statement of Problems

 

Integrated science as a subject requires a lot of time, be devoted to it in order to master it. However, when referring to the performance of many students who offer this subject in the school, many of which were successful. At this point, it becomes relevant to ask the question, what is actually the course of this variation in performance between the urban and rural; secondary school students.

 

In addressing this question, other important question readily comes to mind :-

 

Are secondary schools in rural or urban area of Akoko south West local Government Area poorly staffed?

Are their social amenities and good road in urban than rural areas of this local Government area?

Are there enough professionally qualified teachers in urban area than rural areas of this local Government area?

Are students interested in the subject Integrated science?

 

In the light of the above, it is necessary for the researcher to investigate how true this assertions is.

 

Objective of the Study

 

Following the saying that urban secondary school student are at advantage in their school work than the student in rural area, the researcher then decided to find out the causes of this variation in the performance of urban and rural secondary school students by using Integrated science to find out whether difference in performance exists.

 

It is pertinent to note that researchers have variation in the performance of urban and rural secondary schools students. And this has been attributed to lack of professionally qualified teachers, lack of social amenities, and even distribution of staff within the school and the nature of the syllabus.

 

my main aim of carryingout this research therefore is to find out which of these factors enumerated above causes these variation on the performance of students mostly. And possible locate more problems that have not been highlighted before, thereby provide solution to these numerous problems, which will in turn help the educational policy makers of this nation in general and the state in particular. as well as improve the status of Integrated science in all secondary schools.

 

Scope and Limitation of Work

 

There are many variables, which contributes to students’ performance in the school. These are the immediate environment, the educational level of students, teachers, qualification, library and equipment etc. All these variables cannot be examined in this investigation. The research will like to select the most important one among those factors.

 

This work is limited to senior secondary school i.e.S.S.S 11 students Akoko south west local Government.

 

Thirty objective question in Integrated science will be selected past result in senior school certificate examination in Integrated science will also be used.

 

Hypothesis

 

Hypothesis one: There is no difference between the performance of students in Integrated science in urban secondary school and those in rural secondary school.

 

Hypothesis two: urban school students will have better result in Integrated science than their rural counter parts.

 

The failure level in rural schools will be higher than in urban school.

 

Significance of the Study

 

The survey is aimed to examine the opinion, which says that urban secondary school students are better academically in all subjects than rural secondary school students. Integrated science is used as the research. Subject with a view of pointing out their strength and weakness. It is hoped that the result of this study may set the school authorities on areas that need adjustment.

 

It is the researchers wish that the result of this survey might attract the interest of others in order to carry out similar survey in other local Government area.

 

Finally, it is hoped that the finding of this study may possibly help in filling a gap in knowledge of the students of college of education, IkereEkiti.

 

Definition of Terms

 

Terms that relate to the core of the study are defined below in order to remove any semantic ambiguity in their usage.

 

PERFORMANCE: Examination results are used as performance indicators{= things that show well something is done} for schools i.e. the act of doing a piece of work.

 

URBAN AREA: is over crowded with ministries and industries and the population is very high. There are also social amenities. the occupants are a combination of indigenes and more foreigners.

 

RURAL AREA: is a small community where there are no or small industries and ministries and where most of the social amenities are lacking. it is mostly occupied by the indigenes.

 

SECONDARY SCHOOL: secondary school in this project refers to the senior secondary school in urban and rural arrears of the one selected local Government area in ondo state.

 

STUDENTS: in this research refers to the boys and girls attending the senior secondary schools.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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