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CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA: CONCEPTUAL AND THEORETICAL APPROACHES AND THE ROLE OF SOCIAL STUDIES IN MITIGATING THE MENACE

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CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA: CONCEPTUAL AND THEORETICAL APPROACHES AND THE ROLE OF SOCIAL STUDIES IN MITIGATING THE MENACE

 

 

Abstract

The paper explores concepts and theories of corruption, the role of social studies and sees how these perspectives can be used to mitigate or curb the menace of corruption in Nigeria. Though scholars have dealt with this issue from both economic and administrative perspective, however, there is neglect of theories that explain and underpin corruption. Nonetheless, in the public and private domains, corruption has prompted an unending public discourse making the investors and policy makers alike to ask a germane question: why citizens of a country engage in corrupt practices and how can this menace be reduced or eradicated”. In addressing these problems the paper relied largely on secondary data, including textbooks, journals, newspapers and magazines and other archival materials. Consequently, the paper allies with the view of scholars that poverty coupled with the deterioration and/or lost of Nigerian value system are some of the remote causes of unbridled corruption in the country. Hence, the paper made some salient and farreaching recommendations. These include among others, positioning and reevaluating social studies in Nigerian school’s curriculum in order to make the subject attractive, more fund should be allocated to schools in order to have modern instructional materials and retraining of staff, re-birth of country’s lost value system through national socio-cultural re-orientation, introduction of a workable economic policies and programmes of action geared towards alleviating poverty as well as the enactment of stringent anti-graft laws that will make the prosecution of corrupt officials more effective, efficient and timely.

Keywords:     Corruption,   Social     Studies, Embezzlement,        Fraud,    Bribery,

Favouritism, Extortion