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HOME GARDENING AS A STRATEGY FOR FOOD SECURITY AND POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN LOW INCOME HOUSEHOLDS IN NIGERIA
In South Africa, home gardens are an important source of food and nutrition. Home gardens have established a traditional way of providing food and offer great potential for improving household food security as well as alleviating poverty. In a province like the Eastern Cape which is characterized by poverty and having high rate of unemployment, home gardening can help enhance household food security through direct access to nutritionally-rich fresh vegetables. This study was conducted to determine the manner that home gardens can be used as a strategy for poverty alleviation with the aim of addressing household food security in low income households (rural and urban areas) of Nkonkobe Local Municipality of Eastern Cape-South Africa. The assessment of food insecurity was done in both urban and rural areas of Nkonkobe Municipality with the aim of getting rural area’s food security status. This was done by identifying the factors affecting food security in rural households. In an effort to identify the factors influencing food security, data was collected from 160 households from both rural and urban areas of the Nkonkobe Municipality. These households were selected using stratified random sampling. A questionnaire was administered to get primary data. The factors that influence food security among the sampled households were determined using a binary logistic regression model. The results showed that the statistically significant variables, at 5% level. Two variables were identified to be significant to food security and they are total income and home garden ownership.
Keywords: home gardens, food security and poverty, rural home garden owners (RHGO), rural non-home garden owners (RNHGO), urban home garden owners (UHGO) and urban non-home garden owners (UNHGO).