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INDUSTRIAL WASTE AND ITS EFFECT ON THE ENVIRONMENT (A CASE STUDY OF 7UP BOTTLING COMPANY AT APAPA IGANMU LCDA OF LAGOS STATE)

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INDUSTRIAL WASTE AND ITS EFFECT ON THE ENVIRONMENT (A CASE STUDY OF 7UP BOTTLING COMPANY AT APAPA IGANMU LCDA OF LAGOS STATE)

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

 

1.1 Background of the study

The issue of industrial waste concerns every nation on the planet. As a result, many steps have been taken to seek permanent solutions to the problem. Better technology is being developed for disposal of waste and recycling as much polluted water in the industries as possible. Organic methods are being used to clean the water and soil, such as using microbes that naturally uses heavy metals and waste as feed. Policies are being pushed into place to prevent further misuse of land. However, industrial pollution is still rampant and will take many years to be brought under control.

Nigeria at the moment has established industries like petroleum refinery, soap and detergent, food and beverage, brewery, textiles and apparels, building materials, timber products, wood and leather works, metal works, chemicals and plastics, industries (Vagele and Odukoya, 1974; Ademoroti, 1984). All these industries produce various effluents that are discharged into the environment. Most large cities in Nigeria e.g. Lagos, Port Harcourt, Ibadan, Kano, etc., are feeling the pinch of pollution from industrial effluents (Royal Commission Reports, 1974). It is needless to talk of tons of effluents disposed indiscriminately into the lagoon, rivers, streams and lands. It has been realized that discharges of untreated or partialy treated wastes containing algal nutrients, non-biodegradable organics, heavy metals and other toxicants hasten the deterioration of receiving water bodies. There has been growing awareness of the need

 

for effective treatment of various effluents before discharging into any public water body (Olaniyi et al., 2012).

 

Man exerts many effects which directly or indirectly affects his environment. The development of industries and extensive urbanization means increased water consumption and pollution resulting from problems of waste disposal. Unfortunately, in most developing countries like Nigeria, effluent quality standards imposed by legislation (where they exist) are sometimes easily flouted (Okereke, 2007).

Industrial effluents are liquid wastes which are produced in the course of industrial activities. Over the years, the improper disposal of industrial wastewater effluents has been a major problem and a source of concern to both government and industrialists. In most cases, the disposal or discharge of effluents, even when these are technologically and economically achievable for particular standards, do not always comply with pretreatment requirements and with applicable toxic-pollutant-effluent limitations or prohibitions. The consequence of these anomalies is a high degree of environmental pollution, leading to serious health hazards.

 

The effluents generated from domestic and industrial activities constitute the major sources of the natural water pollution. This is a great burden in terms of wastewater management and can consequently lead to a point-source pollution problem, which not only increases treatment cost considerably, but also introduces a wide range of chemical pollutants and microbial contaminants to water sources (EPA, 1993, 1996; Eikelboom & Draaijer, 1999; Amir et al., 2004). Industrial activities and urbanization in developing countries including Nigeria has gradually led to the deterioration of the environment in recent years. This situation has invariably increased the problem of waste disposal. Untreated wastes from processing factories located in cities are discharged into inland water bodies resulting to stench, discoloration and a greasy oily nature of such water bodies (Akaninwor et al., 2007).

1.2 Statement of the problem

Increase in industrial activities without proper waste management  and disposal industrial effleunts  have led to an increasing level of environmental pollution. This work, viz a viz 7up bottling company, gives a search-light into industrial waste and its effect on the environment.

 

1.3 Objectives of the study

  1. To understand the relationship between industrial waste and the management of the environment
  2. To understand the impact of industrial waste on the environment

1.4 Research questions

  1. What is the relationship between industrial waste and the management of the environment?
  2. What is the impact of industrial waste on the environment?

 

1.5 Research hypothesis

H0: Industrial waste management does not have a significant positive impact on the environment

H1: Industrial waste management have a significant positive impact on the environment

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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