BEFORE YOU READ THE ABSTRACT OR CHAPTER ONE OF THE PROJECT TOPIC BELOW, PLEASE READ THE INFORMATION BELOW.THANK YOU!
YOU CAN GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT OF THE TOPIC BELOW. THE FULL PROJECT COSTS N5,000 ONLY. THE FULL INFORMATION ON HOW TO PAY AND GET THE COMPLETE PROJECT IS AT THE BOTTOM OF THIS PAGE. OR YOU CAN CALL: 08068231953, 08168759420
WHATSAPP US ON 08137701720
ONLINE BANKING IN RELATIONS TO CUSTOMER LOYALTY
Before the emergence of modern banking system, banking operation was manually done which lead to a slow down in settlement of transactions. This manual system involves posting transactions from one ledger to another which human handles. Figures or counting of money which should be done through computers or online machine were computed and counted manually which were not 100% accurate thereby resulting to human errors. Most bank then use only one computer in carrying out transactions which ameliorate the sluggish nature of banking transaction.
Nigeria do not embrace online banking early compared to developed
countries. Nigeria adopted online banking system in the early 2000s.
During the introduction of online banking system, the use of raw cash
was said to have bred corruption through the “cash and carry syndrome”
usually linked with the swift movement of Ghana-must go” bags by some
politicians. Such bags as some analyst say, are a major source of corrupt
practices as dubious persons seeks to bribe their way to avoid been checked
in some sensitive areas or places in a corrupt society.
Since online banking started in all Nigeria banks, it has been a woe for
civil servants; checks show that some staff in establishments such as the
national boundary commission for instance, are yet to receive their salaries
for the previous months as efforts to electrically transfer salaries into their
account have failed according to Ibrahim, D. (2009).
“One bank will tell you it has transferred your salaries but the supposed
recipient bank will tell you it has not received anything leaving you even more confused”, says John, I. (2009). Olekah, J. (2009) while acknowledging the initial hiccups that dogged the system, advises stakeholders against being discouraged as such “teething problems” are normal.
James, A. (2009) a banker reported to vanguard annual report that “we should not destroy online-banking by looking at the negative aspects, we must strive towards perfecting it”. James, A. (2009) also says that the volume of data generated by the Government ministry Agencies is much making it a bit difficult for banks to cope, Mathew S. (2009) a worker says in his report to vanguard annual report on banks and cards that government should have done its home work “very well” before introducing the system, “they plugged us into a system they were not prepared for and the result is untold hardship visited on innocent people”.
At this juncture, is good to know what e-banking is all about.
According to Anyawaokoro, M. (1999). Online banking is defined as the application of computer technology to banking especially the payment (deposit transfer) aspects of banking. He also defined online banking as a system of banking with an online communication network which permits on-line processing of the same day credit and debit transfers of funds between member institutions of a clearing system.
According to Clive, W. (2007) in his Academic dictionary of banking, online banking is defined as a form of banking in which funds are transferred through an exchange of online signals between financial institutions, rather than an exchange of cash, cheques or other negotiable instruments.
According to Omotayo, G. (2007) defines online banking as a system in which funds are moved between different accounts using computerized on line/real time systems without the use of written cheques.
According to Edit, O. (2008) in international Journal of investment and finance, online banking is defined as a system by which transactions are settled onlineally with the use of online gadgets such as ATMs, POS terminals, GSM phones, and V-cards e.t.c. handled by e-holders, bank customers, and stake holders.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS
As earlier pointed out, there is delay in payment of cheques which lead to the adoption of online banking system. Adoption of online banking which suppose to ease banking transactions rather resulted to woes to customer. Most people complain of time wasted in banks. This occurs when there is power failure in banks resulting to slow down in operation.
Another problem that emerged was that banks do not have information backup to fall back on should there be any computer break down.
In investing in online banking, the country will need a large amount of financial resources in computer technology, obviously, the resource is in short supply in Nigeria, couple with high level of poverty. For an efficient functioning of online payment system, there must be availability of infrastructural facilities such as electricity and telecommunication network, however, power supply fluctuates and there is still constant failure links in networks.
Since early 2000s banks have been developing and introducing payment cards for their customers as well as deploy ATM’s cards. Usage was however low due to lack of interconnectivity i.e. switching platform to interconnect the ATM’s for card holders.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
This research work intends to assess the extent of online payment in banking activities as well as identify the various types of online banking.
The researcher will also evaluate the major problems associated with the development of online banking system in Nigeria as well as evaluate possible solutions to these problems.
The effect of online banking on profitability of banks will also be assessed. There are different types of online banking used in Nigeria banks; the researcher will like to evaluate the impact of these e-payment systems on banking industry and also assess the impact of online banking in Nigeria economy.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTION
In order to get information from respondents the following questions where formulated:
What are the various types of online payment and the extent of online payment in banking activities?
In what extent can e-banking improve or enhance banking services?
What are the major problems associated with the development of online banking system in Nigerian?
What are the solutions to the problems associated with the development of e-banking?
What extent has e-payment affected banking activities?
The research shall attempt to find answers to these questions in the next chapter.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Online banking in our economy today is a welcome development and also its impacts in the society are over-whelming, so this research is significant in so many ways.
It will expose the strength and weakness of online banking. It will motivate banks and other economic agents to computerize their services. Knowledge in the area of online banking will be advanced. Apart from contributing to the knowledge of online banking, it forms a reference for future research in this area.
1.6 SCOPE OF STUDY
This research is on economic implication of online banking in Nigeria banks and also the various forms of payment and online systems used by banks. The researcher will base this work on the entire deposit money banks in Nigeria but to Diamond Bank in particular.
1.7 LIMITATION OF STUDY
Time is a major factor to the researcher as research of this kind requires enough time in gathering of data, but it was not given to carryout the research, distribution, collection and analysis of questionnaire.
Also the school system has made it difficult for student to go out in search for information by not granting exeat for student. Some banks hud information from students who desires such information in other to maintain the banks secrecy thereby making it difficult for students to gather information for their research.
Finally, finance was infact the most limited factor, in spite of this the researcher have to travel out to the sampled organization to interview some of the managers and supervisors.
HOW TO RECEIVE PROJECT MATERIAL(S)
After paying the appropriate amount (#5,000) into our bank Account below, send the following information to
08068231953 or 08168759420
(1) Your project topics
(2) Email Address
(3) Payment Name
(4) Teller Number
We will send your material(s) after we receive bank alert
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 0046579864
Account Name: AMUTAH DANIEL CHUKWUDI
Account Number: 3139283609
Bank: FIRST BANK
FOR MORE INFORMATION, CALL:
08068231953 or 08168759420