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SOCIAL FACTORS AND PREVENTION OF BREAST CANCER AMONG YOUNG FEMALES IN BARIGA, LAGOS, NIGERIA

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SOCIAL FACTORS AND PREVENTION OF BREAST CANCER AMONG YOUNG FEMALES IN BARIGA, LAGOS, NIGERIA

 

 

Abstract

The study examined social factors and prevention of breast cancer among young females in bariga, lagos, Nigeria. This work discusses social factors and prevention of breast cancer among young females in bariga, lagos, nigeria

.A hundred and twenty questionnaires were distributed among females in bariga, lagos, Nigeria. Interviews and surveys were also conducted.

 

Primary and secondary data will be used in the analysis. Tables and percentages will also be used as the instrument of analysis

 

It will be observed therefore that that women’s occupation or profession is important to whether they are diagnosed with breast cancer or not. The study shows steady growth in prevalence of breast cancer over years. Culture has been shown to influence health beliefs and health-related behaviors by influencing the type of health information to which women have been exposed and shapes health and illness perceptions and practices. To increase screening rates, cultural influences should be considered as important correlates of screening behaviors for breast cancer. This study used semi-structured interviews of women attending a cancer screening facility in Lagos, Nigeria

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENT:

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1     Background of the Study

1.2     Statement of the Research Problem

1.3     Objectives of the Study

1.4     Significance of the Study

1.5     Research Questions

1.6     Research Hypothesis

1.7     Conceptual and Operational Definition

1.8     Assumptions

1.9     Limitations of the Study

 

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1     Sources of Literature

2.2     The Review

2.3     Summary of Literature Review

 

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1     Research Method

3.2     Research Design

3.3     Research Sample

3.4     Measuring Instrument

3.5     Data Collection

3.6     Data Analysis

3.7     Expected Result

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS

4.1     Data Analysis

4.2     Results

4.3     Discussion

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1     Summary

5.2     Recommendations for Further Study

References

 

Background of the study

The Cancer Statistics Worldwide (2005) documented that worldwide; more than one million new cases of female breast cancer are diagnosed each year, making it the most commonly occurring disease in women, accounting for over 1/3 of the estimated annual 4.7million cancer diagnosis in females and the second most common tumor after lung cancer in both sexes. It is also the most common female cancer in both developed and developing countries with 55% of it occurring in the developing countries. In addition, the annual worldwide incidences had almost doubled since 1975 and the prevalence and incidences increased with increasing age (Althuis, 2005).

The report explained further that breast cancer is a major public health problem in developed countries, claiming over one million lives annually especially in industrialized nations. Statistics show that countries like United States of America, Italy, Australia, Germany, The Netherlands, Canada and France have the highest overall breast cancer rates while developing countries with lower breast cancer rates are Northern Africa and Eastern Asia (World Health Organization, 2006). Death rates of 76/100,000 females was estimated to occur in 2020.

Research shows that life time risk of this disease nearly tripled within 50 years as 1 in 20 women had it in 1960, 1 in every 7 in 1980 (Kirtland,2006). However, WHO (2004) documented that since 1987, breast cancer rates increased by 0.5% each year and between 85% and 90% of the cases cannot be attributed to inherited genetic predisposition.

On the burden of cancer in Nigeria, Lambo (2007) explained that there is likely to be 100,000 new cases each year, and that by 2010 there may be 500,000 new cases.  To understand the problem facing cancer patients in

Nigeria, it is worthy of note that the survival rate for breast cancer in the Unites States of America is 85 % while it is a dismal 10% in Nigeria Olopade, 2004). Durosimi (2004) reported a survival rate of 1.9% for Nigeria and over 50% for East Africa and other countries. The Lagos State Ministry of Health documented that the annual 15% of the cases occur in women less than 30 years.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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